Is Google Apps for Education free?
. " 'I Declare War!' Jay-Z Says He's Going To Air Some Rappers Out Onstage".
He also voiced that the hip-hop mogul likely would never have come out in support of gay marriage had President Obama not first taken the initiative. 
"Details on Jay-Z's New Label". Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. "Did Jay-Z Make $50 Million Off Ace of Spades?".
Hard Knock Life (1999), the Blueprint series ('01, '02, '09), and The Black Album (2003). Jay-Z appeared in a 2003 Reebok collection advertising his S.
On April 2, 2013, ESPN Jay-Z launched his own sports agency, Roc Nation Sports, with a focus on the representations of various professional athletes. The sport management group will work as partners with Creative Artists Agency. In conjunction with the agency's launch, New York Yankees's second baseman Robinson Canó left agent Scott Boras to sign with the company.
Sources have mentioned that Jay-Z himself is planning to be a certified sports agent, first in baseball and eventually in basketball and football. In order to represent clients in basketball, he would have to give up his small share of the Brooklyn Nets.   On April 18, 2013, Jay-Z officially announced through his Life + Times website in a press release that he will be relinquishing his ownership in the Brooklyn Nets.
 The shares were eventually sold to singer, rapper, actor and entrepreneur Will Pan, making Wilber the first American of Taiwanese descent to own a US professional sports franchise.   Jay-Z's cited Wilber's athletic background (he was a team captain of his high school basketball team and played in college), his multitude of musical styles, his influence in the Taiwanese American community, and his business acumen and portfolio (including being the founder and chief executive of software company Camigo Media and a co-founder of streetwear boutique N.
C [New Project Center]), as reasons why his bid was successful.   In July 2015, Carter made a significant investment to JetSmarter, an app helping people book private executive plane flights. The app was built by Sergey Petrossov.
 Jay-Z collaborated with Cohiba to launch his own cigars. 
349 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time".
"The #7 Biggest Moment: Jay-Z & Nas Squash Beef".
"Jay Z's got 99 problems but champagne ain't one".
The Johns Hopkins News-letter.
"Jay Z, Frank Ocean, and Kanye West win lawsuit against Joel McDonald".
On July 5, the album was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), in recognition of one million copies purchased by Sprint and offered to consumers as free downloads.  It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making it Jay-Z's 13th consecutive studio album to top the chart. The album spawned two singles, the title track "4:44" and "Bam", as well as several music videos, directed by a variety of high-profile collaborators.
The album received a Grammy Award nomination for Album of the Year, while the title track was nominated for Song of the Year and " The Story of O. " was nominated for Record of the Year at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards.
; Leed, Jeff (September 20, 2007). "For Jay-Z, Inspiration Arrives in a Movie".
 By 2008, Jay-Z was actively involved in the 2008 presidential campaign, where he supported increased voter participation and helped send voters to polling stations.  He was an early supporter for the candidacy of Illinois senator and subsequent U.
President Barack Obama, performing for free in voter-drive concerts financed by the Democrats' campaign.  He also became acquainted with Obama himself, who stated "Every time I talk to Jay-Z, who is a brilliant talent and a good guy, I enjoy how he thinks. That's somebody who is going to start branching out and can help shape attitudes in a real positive way.
Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)
1, which retained half of the tracks from the original. The album spawned two massive hit singles, " Excuse Me Miss" and " '03 Bonnie & Clyde", which featured Jay-Z's future wife Beyoncé. "Guns & Roses", featuring Lenny Kravitz, and " Hovi Baby" were two successful radio singles as well.
The album also contained the tracks "A Dream", featuring Faith Evans and the late The Notorious B.
; and "The Bounce", featuring Kanye West. 1 featured tracks that do not appear on The Blueprint 2: The Gift & the Curse, such as "Stop", "La La La (Excuse Me Again)", "What They Gonna Do, Part II" and "Beware" produced by and featuring Panjabi MC.
 2003–2005: The Black Album and initial retirement
Archived from the original on August 12, 2008. Jay-Z can be briefly heard on several of Jaz-O's early recordings in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including "The Originators" and "Hawaiian Sophie. "  Jay-Z became embroiled in several battles with rapper LL Cool J in the early 1990s.
 He first became known to a wide audience on the posse cut "Show and Prove" on the 1994 Big Daddy Kane album Daddy's Home. Jay-Z has been referred to as Big Daddy Kane's hype man during this period,  although Kane explains that he didn't fill the traditional hype man role, and was instead basically making cameo appearances on stage. "When I would leave the stage to go change outfits, I would bring out Jay-Z and Positive K and let them freestyle until I came back to the stage.
"   The young Jay-Z appeared on a popular song by Big L, "Da Graveyard", and on Mic Geronimo's "Time to Build", which also featured early appearances by DMX and Ja Rule in 1995. His first official rap single was called " In My Lifetime", for which he released a music video in 1995. An unreleased music video was also produced for the B-side "I Can't Get with That.
"  Music career 1995–1997: Reasonable Doubt and In My Lifetime, Vol. 1
250 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Archived from the original on June 2, 2012.
The album reached number 23 on the Billboard 200, and was generally favored by critics.  This album would later be included in Rolling Stone 's " 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" as No. 248 and eventually reach platinum status.
 4:44 was released through Roc Nation and Universal Music Group, as an exclusive to Sprint and Tidal customers. The album is the first in a planned series of music exclusives from the Sprint–Tidal partnership. For a short time, on July 2, the album was made available for free digital download in Tidal's site.
A physical edition was released on July 7, including three additional tracks. On the same day, the album was made available to other streaming platforms, such as Apple Music, Google Play Music and Amazon Music.
"Jay-Z Scores 5th Chart-Topper With 'Blueprint '".
"Jay-Z Gets Three Years' Probation For 'Un' Rivera Stabbing". Archived from the original on July 17, 2014.
Jay Z and Beyonce purchased a 30,000-square-foot mansion in Los Angeles' Bel Air neighborhood for $88 million. 316
In that same year, Jay-Z released Vol.
The album proved successful and sold over 3 million copies. 3 's most successful single was " Big Pimpin", featuring UGK. How Well Do You Know Jay-Z? Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine About.
"Police arrest hip-hop star in a stabbing at a nightclub".
Jay-Z (top) with a friend in Trenton, New Jersey, circa 1988
He later performed the song " Takeover", at Summer Jam 2001, which initially attacked Prodigy and revealed photos of Prodigy dressed like Michael Jackson.  A line at the end of "Takeover" referred to Nas, who criticized him on "We Will Survive".  Nas responded with a diss track called " Ether" and Jay-Z straightaway added a verse to "Takeover" which dissed Nas and would start a feud between the two rappers.
The feud had ended by 2005, Jay-Z stated Mark Pitts had helped them settle the feud. 
1, published by Vibe Media Group, p.
We separated and I went over to the bar. I was sitting there like, "No the fuck this nigga did not.
" I was talking to people, but I was really talking to myself out loud, just in a state of shock. Before I even realized what I was doing, I headed back over to him, but this time I was blacking out with anger. The next thing I knew, all hell had broken loose in the club.
That night the guy went straight to the police and I was indicted.
Of Finance, Syracuse University". Archived from the original on June 10, 2010.
Ten days later, at their final London performance, the pair unveiled Everything Is Love, their much-awaited joint studio album, credited under the name The Carters. The pair also released the video for the album's lead single, " Apeshit", on Beyoncé's official YouTube channel.   The song won two awards from eight nominations at the 2018 MTV Video Music Awards.
 Musical style Influences
Presidential election, Jay-Z and Beyoncé supported presidential candidate Hillary Clinton at her rally in Cleveland. Clinton praised Jay-Z for addressing racism, oppression, and the criminal justice system.  Discography
"The Real Story Behind Jay Z's Champagne Deal".
"Harry Belafonte on Capitalism, Media Moguls, and His Disappointment with Jay-Z and Beyoncé (Q&A)".
During the 2010 mid-term elections' campaign, Jay-Z appeared, along with other artists, in an ad prepared by the HeadCount organization, urging voters, and especially younger ones, to register and vote.  In May 2012, Jay-Z announced his endorsement of President Obama's support of same-sex marriage  and participated in his re-election campaign. 
"Jay-Z, Dame Dash Sell Roc-A-Fella Records; Jay Named Def Jam Prez".
In early June 2017, posters were displayed in New York City and Los Angeles, as well as banner ads on the Internet promoting a Tidal-related project titled 4:44.  A teaser ad was aired during the NBA Finals on June 7 featuring actors Mahershala Ali, Lupita Nyong'o and Danny Glover in a one-minute video, ending in "4:44 – 6. On June 18, the project was confirmed to be a new Jay-Z album, and a clip featuring a song titled "Adnis" was posted on Sprint's YouTube page. 
"Rihanna And Jay-Z Headlining 2012 Olympics Festival". Archived from the original on May 10, 2012.
He relied more on flow and wordplay, and he continued with his penchant for mining beats from the popular producers of the day such as Swizz Beatz, an upstart in-house producer for Ruff Ryders, and Timbaland.  Other producers included DJ Premier, Erick Sermon, The 45 King, and Kid Capri. Charting hits from this album included " Can I Get A. ", featuring Ja Rule and Amil, and " Nigga What, Nigga Who", also featuring Amil. 2 would eventually become Jay-Z's most commercially successful album; it was certified 5× Platinum in the United States and has to date sold over five million copies.  The album went on to win a Grammy Award, although Jay-Z boycotted the ceremony protesting DMX's failure to garner a Grammy nomination.
Jay-Z later explained that the album was made during one of the worst periods of his life when he was reeling from the death of his close friend, The Notorious B.
The album was a personal revelation for Jay-Z as he told the stories of his difficult upbringing.  The album's glossy production stood as a contrast to his first release, and some dedicated fans felt he had "sold out. " However, the album did feature some beats from producers who had worked with him on Reasonable Doubt, namely DJ Premier and Ski.
Like its predecessor, In My Lifetime, Vol. 1 earned platinum status in the United States. And The Dynasty
"JAY-Z's Name: A Complete Timeline of Shawn Carter's Rap Alias".
Archived from the original on April 11, 2013.
See also: Beyoncé – Marriage and children
 Jay-Z's early style is described by Vibe as "a distinctly Das EFX-type, stiggety style" on his 12" single "Can't Get With That",  referring to the fast rhythms and vocal delivery of the group Das EFX. He is also known to write lyrics in his head, as described by Pusha T of Clipse in How to Rap,  a style popular with many MCs such as The Notorious B. ,  Everlast,  Bobby Creekwater  and Guerilla Black.  Shock G of Digital Underground describes Jay-Z's performance style, saying he "rarely breaks a sweat, and instead uses smoothness and clever wordplay to keep the audience interested and entertained".
 Business career
"Chad: Jay-Z's split personalities deliver success".
I vowed to never allow myself to be in a situation like that again.  Philanthropy
"Beyoncé Pregnant, Flaunts Baby Bump on VMA Red Carpet". 129
Today retrieved November 8, 2012
He provides direction on brand programs and ads that appear on TV, radio, print, and high-profile events.  He is also yet to expand his 40/40 Club sports bar in as many as 20 airports, as he makes deals with his business partners, Juan and Desiree Perez.  He is a part-owner of the Brooklyn Nets NBA team, having paid a reported $4.
5 million for his share, which declined in value to $350,000 in April 2013.  He encouraged the team's relocation to Brooklyn's Barclays Center (from New Jersey) in the 2012–2013 season, at which point the team took on the Brooklyn Nets moniker.   In October 2005, he was reported in English media as considering buying a stake of Arsenal F.  He has also invested in a real estate development venture called J Hotels which recently acquired a $66 million mid-block parcel in Chelsea, New York.
Jay-Z and his partners are contemplating constructing a high-end hotel or an art gallery building on the newly acquired site which has the potential to go up about twelve stories.  Through his conglomerate company Gain Global Investments Network LLC, he had an interest estimated between 2 and 7% in the Aqueduct Entertainment Group (AEG) consortium, which in January 2010 was awarded a contract to operate a 4,500 slot machine racino at the Aqueduct Race Track. Jay-Z became interested in the project after New York Governor David Paterson who awarded the contract said there had to be an affirmative action component to the ownership.
Jay-Z initially approached by casino mogul Steve Wynn who was also bidding on the contract. On March 9, 2010, Jay-Z and Flake withdrew from the project and Paterson recused himself from further involvement.  
Parlux fragrances sued Jay-Z for $18 million for the failure of his cologne, Gold. They claim the cologne's failure is due to Jay-Z not doing social media posts and interviews about the cologne. Parlux claims they projected selling $15 million the first year, and $35 million the second, and subsequent years after the launch.
The fragrance sold $14 million the first year and $6.  Parlux supposedly lost money on the venture and have had constant returns of unsold inventory.
"Jay-Z Pushes Up "Blueprint 3 " Release, Announces Tour". "Jay-Z named 'NBA 2K' executive producer – Sports Technology, Gaming – Tech Blog – ESPN Playbook – ESPN".
Jay-Z's associates at the party were accused of causing a commotion within the club, which Jay-Z allegedly used as cover when he supposedly stabbed Rivera in the stomach with a five-inch (127 mm) blade.  He surrendered to police the following evening and was placed under arrest, although he was soon released on $50,000 bail.   When he was indicted in Manhattan Criminal Court in late January 2000, he pleaded not guilty; he and his lawyers contended that they had witnesses and videotapes proving he had been nowhere near Rivera during the incident.
Nevertheless, he later pleaded guilty to third-degree assault and accepted a three-year probation sentence.  Jay-Z has also established himself as a successful entrepreneur with a business empire spanning a variety of industries from clothing lines, beverages, real estate, sport teams, and record labels.  In an interview, he stated that "my brands are an extension of me. It's not like running GM, where there's no emotional attachment. "  Jay-Z and Damon Dash are the founders of the urban clothing brand Rocawear.
 Rocawear has clothing lines and accessories for men, women and children. The line was taken over by Jay-Z in early 2006 following a falling out with Dash. In March 2007, Jay-Z sold the rights to the Rocawear brand to Iconix Brand Group, for $204 million.
He retains his stake in the company and continues to oversee the marketing, licensing and product development.   He also co-owns the 40/40 Club, an upscale sports bar that started in New York City and has since expanded to Atlantic City and Chicago. In 2008, the 40/40 club in Las Vegas was closed down and bought back by the hotel after attendance steadily declined.
 In 2005, Jay-Z became an investor in Carol's Daughter, a line of beauty products, including products for hair, skin, and hands.  In September 2013, his stake in Barclays Center was sold for $1.
 In March 2015, Jay-Z completed the $56 million acquisition of Aspiro, a Norwegian media technology company that operates the subscription-based music streaming service Tidal, which has been in operation since October 2014.  The music service was acquired through his company Project Panther Bidco Ltd. (an entity indirectly owned by Jay-Z's S.
Carter Enterprises a company holding interests in leading international music, media and entertainment companies).   The acquisition was completed with the help of Mooreland Partners, a leading global technology-focused M&A advisory firm, which acted as financial advisor to Aspiro.  The music service combines lossless audio and high definition music videos with curated editorial.
The main idea of the service is to bring major revenue streams back to the music artists themselves as the idea of an artist-owned streaming platform was stated as to "restore the value to music by launching a service owned by artists. " Jay-Z currently [ when?] is a major shareholder in the company.  
Com'' – Jay-Z Teams Up With J Hotels To Develop On $66 million New York Site".
Archived from the original on December 26, 2007.
252 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Archived from the original on June 4, 2012.
"Damon Dash Speaks About Jay-Z". Archived from the original on April 11, 2006.
Archived from the original on May 21, 2002.
"Rapper Jay-Z hits the political airwaves".
1 Debut Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
"The Artist Formerly Known as Jay-Z Removes Hyphen From His Name".
"Hip-hop "wrong" for Glastonbury".
Jay-Z also appeared on Beyoncé's hit single " Crazy in Love" as well as "That's How You Like It" from her debut album Dangerously in Love. On her second album, B'Day, he made appearances on the 2006 hits, " Déjà Vu" and " Upgrade U". In the video for the latter song, she comically imitates his appearance.
 The couple generally avoids discussing their relationship. Beyoncé has stated that she believes that not publicly discussing their relationship has helped them. Jay-Z said in a People article, "We don't play with our relationship.
"  They kept a low profile while dating, and married in April 2008.  It became a matter of public record on April 22, 2008,  but Beyoncé did not publicly debut her $5 million Lorraine Schwartz-designed wedding ring until the Fashion Rocks concert on September 5, 2008, in New York City. 
She bought him a boom box for his birthday, sparking his interest in music. He began freestyling and writing lyrics.  Known as "Jazzy" around the neighborhood, Carter later adopted the showbiz/stage name "Jay-Z" in homage to his mentor Jaz-O.
Com, July 8, 2011
Carter was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York City and was raised in Marcy Houses, a housing project in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood.  After their father, Adnis Reeves,   abandoned the family, Shawn and his three siblings were raised by their mother, Gloria Carter. Reeves would later meet and reconcile with Jay-Z before dying in 2003.
Jay-Z claims in his lyrics that in 1982 at age 12, he shot his older brother in the shoulder for stealing his jewelry.   Along with future rapper AZ, Carter attended Eli Whitney High School in Brooklyn until it was closed down. He then attended the nearby George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School with future rappers The Notorious B. And Busta Rhymes, followed by a stint at Trenton Central High School in Trenton, New Jersey, though he did not graduate.
 According to his interviews and lyrics, during this period he sold crack cocaine  and was shot at three times. 
Archived from the original on September 27, 2011.
Archived from the original on May 1, 2009.
"Jay-Z's 'Retirement' Is Finally Over: New Album Due In November".
"Artist, Icon, Billionaire: How Jay-Z Created His $1 Billion Fortune".
Albums: Half of the Top 10 | Chart Watch (NEW) – Yahoo Music".
 For this second degree felony, Jay-Z was sentenced to three years probation. 
At the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, Beyoncé revealed that she was pregnant with their first child   and on January 7, 2012, she gave birth to their daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York.  On January 9, 2012, Jay-Z released "Glory", a song dedicated to their child, on his social website LifeandTimes.
 The song detailed the couple's pregnancy struggles, including a miscarriage Beyoncé suffered before becoming pregnant with their daughter.  Because Blue's cries were included at the end of the song and she was officially credited on the song as "B.
C", at two days old she became the youngest person ever to appear on a Billboard chart when "Glory" debuted on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs at number 74.  On June 18, 2017, Beyoncé's father Mathew Knowles confirmed that she had given birth to twins with Jay-Z, a daughter, Rumi, and a son, Sir.  Assault conviction
During his retirement, Jay-Z also became involved in philanthropic activity. In 2003, Jay-Z, together with his mother, founded The Shawn Carter Foundation, which has assisted eligible students facing socio-economic hardships through college.  On August 9, 2006, he met with United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan at the organization's headquarters in New York City.
The rapper pledged to use his upcoming world tour to raise awareness of and combat global water shortage. Already on the look-out for a way to, in his own words, "become helpful", he had been made aware of this issue during a visit to Africa by Bono from the rock group U2.  The effort took place in partnership with the UN,  as well as MTV, which produced a documentary entitled Diary of Jay-Z: Water for Life, first airing in November 2006.
 Along with Sean "Diddy" Combs, Jay-Z pledged $1 million to the American Red Cross' relief effort after Hurricane Katrina.  Jay-Z stated his support for Kanye West after the latter's outburst against President Bush during a live Katrina charity telethon.  He also addressed the issue of the Katrina disaster, and the government's response, in his one verse song " Minority Report".
 Jay-Z has previously stated in a song that "the greatest form of giving is anonymous to anonymous" and, in 2013, it was revealed by author dream hampton, who co-wrote Jay-Z's book Decoded, that he quietly established a trust fund for Sean Bell's children.  Politics On November 16, 2010, Jay-Z published a memoir entitled Decoded.   Jay-Z says his earliest exposure to music was through his parents' record collection, which was mostly of soul artists such as Marvin Gaye and Donny Hathaway.
He says "I grew up around music, listening to all types of people.
I'm into music that has soul in it, whether it be rap, R&B, pop music, whatever. As long as I can feel their soul through the wax, that's what I really listen to. "  He often uses excerpts from these artists as samples in his work, particularly in the Kanye West-productions included on The Blueprint.
 Rapping technique
"Jay Z Locks Down Deal To Buy Stake in Armand de Brignac".
 The album helped to introduce newcomer producers The Neptunes, Just Blaze, Kanye West, and Bink, which have all gone on to achieve notable success. This is also the first album where Jay-Z utilizes a more soulful sound than his previous albums. The Dynasty sold over two million units in the U.  2001–2002: Feud with Nas, The Blueprint and The Blueprint 2
"Beyoncé and Jay Z Open Grammys With Steamy 'Drunk in Love' Performance".
"Beyoncé Buys Jay-Z $40m Private Jet for Father's Day".
In 2014, Jay-Z invested $200 million in Armand de Brignac champagne owned Sovereign Brands, a New York-based wine and spirits company for a 100 percent stake, making it the second alcoholic product acquisition in his financial investment portfolio.    The brand is known for its popularity with high-profile artists as being the gold bottles often referred to in media.      His ties to the company date back to 2006, and he received millions of dollars per year for his association with Armand de Brignac before he bought the entire company.
 In January 2009, Forbes ranked them as Hollywood's top-earning couple, with a combined total of $162 million.  They made it to the top of the list the following year, with a combined total of $122 million between June 2008 and June 2009. 
"Harry Belafonte Calls Out Jay-Z and Beyoncé for Selfishness". Archived from the original on August 10, 2012.
 As part of his deal with Weinstein company, he produced a documentary series on the life of Kalief Browder who was imprisoned for three years and committed suicide upon his release. He also addressed racial profiling and police brutality in a conscious manner.  Personal life
Four tracks were produced by Kanye West and the album represents one of West's first major breaks in the industry. The Blueprint includes the popular songs " Izzo (H. )", " Girls, Girls, Girls", " Jigga That Nigga", and " Song Cry".
As of February 2012 [update], the album had sold 2,700,000 copies worldwide, even though its initial success had been overshadowed by the tragic events of 9/11.  In 2019, The Blueprint was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Recording Registry for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".