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Is Google Apps for Education free?

The Google Apps for Education online platform and services are free to use for accredited schools. Implementation is free only if you implement it yourself. If you are going to be providing students with Chromebooks, there's a hardware cost too, but chromebooks are less than 250 each.Jun 11, 2016Is Google apps for education free, does it cost to implement it in ...

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. " 'I Declare War!' Jay-Z Says He's Going To Air Some Rappers Out Onstage".

  • ^ Yoo, Noah (June 19, 2017). "JAY-Z's Name: The Hyphen Is Back, And Now It's in All Caps | Pitchfork".
  • ^ "Exclaim! Canada's Music Authority". Archived from the original on November 1, 2009.
  • ^ a b c "The King of Rap". Musician and civil rights activist Harry Belafonte has been openly critical of Jay-Z and Beyoncé in their relatively safe political stances, saying that they "have turned their back on social responsibility" in an interview with the Hollywood Reporter. [212] A Syracuse University finance professor [213] also gave similar opinions, pointing to Jay-Z's only giving $6,000 to charity after making $63 million in 2012.

    He also voiced that the hip-hop mogul likely would never have come out in support of gay marriage had President Obama not first taken the initiative. [214]

  • ^ Edwards 2009, p.  292
  • ^ "Jay Z dominates Grammys shortlists with nine nominations".
  • ^ Jason (September 23, 2008).

    "Details on Jay-Z's New Label". Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. "Did Jay-Z Make $50 Million Off Ace of Spades?".

  • ^ "Jay-Z's Business Portfolio". After debuting in the late '90s with Reasonable Doubt and In My Lifetime, Vol 1, he began a chart run that notched over a dozen number one albums spread over two decades, including the multiplatinum, Grammy-winning Vol.

    Hard Knock Life (1999), the Blueprint series ('01, '02, '09), and The Black Album (2003). Jay-Z appeared in a 2003 Reebok collection advertising his S.


  • ^ Cohen, Stefanie (November 4, 2010). "Jay-Z: How I went from rags to riches".
  • ^ "RIAA – Gold & Platinum – August 8, 2008". Archived from the original on July 1, 2007.

    On April 2, 2013, ESPN Jay-Z launched his own sports agency, Roc Nation Sports, with a focus on the representations of various professional athletes. The sport management group will work as partners with Creative Artists Agency. In conjunction with the agency's launch, New York Yankees's second baseman Robinson Canó left agent Scott Boras to sign with the company.

    Sources have mentioned that Jay-Z himself is planning to be a certified sports agent, first in baseball and eventually in basketball and football. In order to represent clients in basketball, he would have to give up his small share of the Brooklyn Nets. [152] [153] On April 18, 2013, Jay-Z officially announced through his Life + Times website in a press release that he will be relinquishing his ownership in the Brooklyn Nets.

    [154] The shares were eventually sold to singer, rapper, actor and entrepreneur Will Pan, making Wilber the first American of Taiwanese descent to own a US professional sports franchise. [155] [156] Jay-Z's cited Wilber's athletic background (he was a team captain of his high school basketball team and played in college), his multitude of musical styles, his influence in the Taiwanese American community, and his business acumen and portfolio (including being the founder and chief executive of software company Camigo Media and a co-founder of streetwear boutique N.

    C [New Project Center]), as reasons why his bid was successful. [155] [156] In July 2015, Carter made a significant investment to JetSmarter, an app helping people book private executive plane flights. The app was built by Sergey Petrossov.

    [174] Jay-Z collaborated with Cohiba to launch his own cigars. [175]

  • ^ "Jay-Z To Join U2's 360 Tour in Australia". Bad Contemplates The Great Unknown Archived August 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine".
  • ^ "Rolling Stone ranks The Black Album No

    349 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time".

  • ^ Schwartz, Danny (October 7, 2016). "Jay Z documents life of Kalief Browder".

  • ^ "December 4", The Black Album – Jay-Z
  • ^ Flanagan, Andrew; Hampp, Andrew (March 30, 2015). "It's Official: Jay Z's Historic Tidal Launches with 16 Artist Stakeholders". Jay-Z's ambitious entrance into the streaming music business, which came as a surprise to industry observers, debuted Monday (March 30) at an event at New York's James A. Farley Post Office in Herald Square.

  • ^ "2018 MTV Video Music Awards list of winners".
  • ^ a b Sinha-Roy, Piya (January 9, 2012). "Jay-Z reveals Beyoncé's miscarriage in ode to daughter".
  • ^ "Jay-Z backs Kanye West's telethon outburst".  91
  • ^ "Justin Timberlake Countdown".

  • ^ "Jay-Z, DMX, Method Man, Redman Launch "Hard Knock Life" Tour".
  • ^ XXL Staff (February 6, 2008).

    "The #7 Biggest Moment: Jay-Z & Nas Squash Beef".

  • ^ Reid, Shaheem (October 28, 2005)
    . "Jay-Z And Nas Put Beef To Sleep in Onstage Show of Unity".
  • ^ Courtney Connley (February 2, 2015). "Jay Z Makes $56 Million Bid to Buy Music Streaming Company".

    "Jay Z's got 99 problems but champagne ain't one".

  • ^ "100 Greatest Artists: Jay-Z".
  • ^ Biddle, Sam (November 15, 2007). "New Vibrations – American Gangster".

    The Johns Hopkins News-letter.

  • ^ Hogan, Marc (October 12, 2016)

    "Jay Z, Frank Ocean, and Kanye West win lawsuit against Joel McDonald".

  • ^ Jay-Z Bringing His 40/40 Club To Airports Archived December 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  • ^ "Beyoncé & Jay-Z Expecting a Baby".

  • ^ Goble, Corban (April 2, 2013). "Jay-Z Starts Roc Nation Sports Agency, Signs Yankees Player Robinson Canó".
  • ^ "Jay-Z remix spices interest in Panjabi MC".
  • ^ "JAY-Z to Receive 2018 Grammy Salute to Industry Icons Award". Announcement of the new collaborative album in London.

  • ^ "Beyoncé Gives Birth To a Baby Girl". The album received widespread acclaim from critics, who praised its emotional and personal content.

    On July 5, the album was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), in recognition of one million copies purchased by Sprint and offered to consumers as free downloads. [116] It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making it Jay-Z's 13th consecutive studio album to top the chart. The album spawned two singles, the title track "4:44" and "Bam", as well as several music videos, directed by a variety of high-profile collaborators.

    The album received a Grammy Award nomination for Album of the Year, while the title track was nominated for Song of the Year and " The Story of O. " was nominated for Record of the Year at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards.


  • ^ "Beyoncé and Jay Z Headline Rally for Hillary Clinton in Ohio".

  • ^ Reid, Shaheem (February 27, 2002). "Where's The Love? Jay-Z Disses Grammys Again".
  • ^ Tai Saint Louis (September 28, 2008). "Jay-Z Statement on New StarRoc Label". Archived from the original on April 20, 2010.

  • ^ "Mooreland Partners Advises Aspiro on Offer from S.
  • ^ D'Angelo, Joe (October 17, 2001). "Jay-Z Pleads Guilty To Stabbing, Faces Three Years' Probation".
  • ^ Halbfinger, David M.

    ; Leed, Jeff (September 20, 2007). "For Jay-Z, Inspiration Arrives in a Movie".

  • ^ Olney, Buster (April 2, 2013). In 2006, Jay-Z appeared with Russell Simmons in a PSA combatting racism and anti-Semitism organized by the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding.

    [205] By 2008, Jay-Z was actively involved in the 2008 presidential campaign, where he supported increased voter participation and helped send voters to polling stations. [206] He was an early supporter for the candidacy of Illinois senator and subsequent U.

    President Barack Obama, performing for free in voter-drive concerts financed by the Democrats' campaign. [207] He also became acquainted with Obama himself, who stated "Every time I talk to Jay-Z, who is a brilliant talent and a good guy, I enjoy how he thinks. That's somebody who is going to start branching out and can help shape attitudes in a real positive way.

    " [208]

  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "RIAA – Gold & Platinum". Archived from the original on August 14, 2013.

    Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)

  • ^ "Jay-Z 'Decoded'" Archived March 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Fresh Air interview transcript, November 16, 2010. Jay-Z's next solo album was 2002's The Blueprint 2: The Gift & The Curse, a double-album
    . The album debuted on the Billboard 200 at number one, selling over 3 million units in the U. Alone [40] and surpassing The Blueprint. [54] It was later reissued in a single-disc version, The Blueprint 2.

    1, which retained half of the tracks from the original. The album spawned two massive hit singles, " Excuse Me Miss" and " '03 Bonnie & Clyde", which featured Jay-Z's future wife Beyoncé. "Guns & Roses", featuring Lenny Kravitz, and " Hovi Baby" were two successful radio singles as well.

    The album also contained the tracks "A Dream", featuring Faith Evans and the late The Notorious B.

    ; and "The Bounce", featuring Kanye West. 1 featured tracks that do not appear on The Blueprint 2: The Gift & the Curse, such as "Stop", "La La La (Excuse Me Again)", "What They Gonna Do, Part II" and "Beware" produced by and featuring Panjabi MC.

    [55] 2003–2005: The Black Album and initial retirement

  • ^ "Jay-Z's Glastonbury Wonderwall dig at Noel Gallagher".

    Archived from the original on August 12, 2008. Jay-Z can be briefly heard on several of Jaz-O's early recordings in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including "The Originators" and "Hawaiian Sophie. " [2] Jay-Z became embroiled in several battles with rapper LL Cool J in the early 1990s.

    [35] He first became known to a wide audience on the posse cut "Show and Prove" on the 1994 Big Daddy Kane album Daddy's Home. Jay-Z has been referred to as Big Daddy Kane's hype man during this period, [36] although Kane explains that he didn't fill the traditional hype man role, and was instead basically making cameo appearances on stage. "When I would leave the stage to go change outfits, I would bring out Jay-Z and Positive K and let them freestyle until I came back to the stage.

    " [37] [38] The young Jay-Z appeared on a popular song by Big L, "Da Graveyard", and on Mic Geronimo's "Time to Build", which also featured early appearances by DMX and Ja Rule in 1995. His first official rap single was called " In My Lifetime", for which he released a music video in 1995. An unreleased music video was also produced for the B-side "I Can't Get with That.

    " [39] Music career 1995–1997: Reasonable Doubt and In My Lifetime, Vol. 1

  • ^ Sarah Spickernell. "How much is Jay-Z worth? Rapper adds luxury champagne brand Armand de Brignac to personal empire with purchase from Sovereign Brands". Missing or empty |url= ( help); |access-date= requires |url= ( help)
  • ^ "Rolling Stone ranks Reasonable Doubt No.

    250 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Archived from the original on June 2, 2012.

  • ^ Jay-Z, "Brooklyn's Finest" Archived April 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Life + Times, April 18, 2013.

  • ^ a b "潘瑋柏買下NBA球隊股份 擠身籃網老闆".

  • ^ Sydney Ember (November 5, 2014). "Jay Z Acquires Luxury Champagne Brand Armand de Brignac".

  • ^ New York Times: Rapper Creates Trust for Sean Bell's children Archived October 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.

  • ^ "International Decade for Action: Water for Life, 2005–2015".

  • ^ Iasimone, Ashley (June 16, 2018). "Beyonce & JAY-Z, AKA the Carters, Drop Joint 'Everything Is Love' Album". With no major label to give him a record deal, Jay-Z sold CDs out of his car [30] and, with Damon "Dame" Dash and Kareem "Biggs" Burke, created Roc-A-Fella Records as an independent label in 1995
    . After striking a distribution deal with Priority, Jay-Z released his 1996 debut album Reasonable Doubt with beats from acclaimed producers such as DJ Premier and Super DJ Clark Kent and an appearance by The Notorious B.

    The album reached number 23 on the Billboard 200, and was generally favored by critics. [27] This album would later be included in Rolling Stone 's " 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" as No. 248 and eventually reach platinum status.

    [40] 4:44 was released through Roc Nation and Universal Music Group, as an exclusive to Sprint and Tidal customers. The album is the first in a planned series of music exclusives from the Sprint–Tidal partnership. For a short time, on July 2, the album was made available for free digital download in Tidal's site.

    A physical edition was released on July 7, including three additional tracks. On the same day, the album was made available to other streaming platforms, such as Apple Music, Google Play Music and Amazon Music.

  • ^ Martens, Todd (November 20, 2002).

    "Jay-Z Scores 5th Chart-Topper With 'Blueprint '".

  • Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (2011). Empire State of Mind: How Jay-Z Went from Street Corner to Corner Office. The 35 Most Anticipated Albums of 2013".
  • ^ "Jay-Z And Eminem Return With 2013's Most Anticipated Hip-Hop Albums". 1 Albums Record' Archived January 7, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ Dangelo, Joe (December 6, 2001).

    "Jay-Z Gets Three Years' Probation For 'Un' Rivera Stabbing". Archived from the original on July 17, 2014

  • ^ Rooney, Kyle (July 29, 2016).
  • ^ "Daily News – : Jay-Z Gets Political in New PSA To Encourage Voters". Archived from the original on August 15, 2011.

  • ^ Frank, Robert (August 23, 2017). "Inside Jay Z and Beyonce's mansion-hunting journey".

    Jay Z and Beyonce purchased a 30,000-square-foot mansion in Los Angeles' Bel Air neighborhood for $88 million.  316

  • ^ Beyoncé's Rapper Lover Is After A Piece Of Arse: Jay-Z's Footie Bid Archived April 30, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, The Sunday Mirror, October 9, 2005
  • ^ "Jay-Z interview by Pete Lewis, 'Blues & Soul' August 2009".

  • ^ Bloomberg: "That's Business, Man: Why Jay Z's Tidal Is a Complete Disaster. He set out to save the music industry from the economics of streaming, and make himself a fortune in the process. So far, Jay Z is doing neither" by Devin Leonard Archived April 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine May 28, 2015 In 1999, Jay-Z dueted with Mariah Carey on " Heartbreaker", a song from her seventh album, Rainbow.

    In that same year, Jay-Z released Vol.

    The album proved successful and sold over 3 million copies. 3 's most successful single was " Big Pimpin", featuring UGK. How Well Do You Know Jay-Z? Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine About.

  • ^ Koroma, Salima (May 15, 2009). "Industry Insider Reveals "Secret War" Between LL Cool J and Jay-Z".
  • ^ Juan Forero (December 3, 1999).

    "Police arrest hip-hop star in a stabbing at a nightclub".

    Jay-Z (top) with a friend in Trenton, New Jersey, circa 1988

  • ^ Konigsberg, Eric (June 12, 2006). "Why Former Roc-A-Fella Records Partner Damon Dash Hates Mondays". In April 2011, it was reported that Jay-Z had outbid executives at Universal Records and Jive Records to acquire independent record label Block Starz Music. [149] [150]
  • ^ "Thee Blueprint 3 – Jay-Z". In 2001, Jay-Z spoke out against Prodigy after he took an issue with a Jay-Z line from " Money, Cash, Hoes" that he felt alluded disparagingly to Mobb Deep and Prodigy's dispute with Tupac Shakur, Snoop Dogg, and Death Row Records.

    He later performed the song " Takeover", at Summer Jam 2001, which initially attacked Prodigy and revealed photos of Prodigy dressed like Michael Jackson. [45] A line at the end of "Takeover" referred to Nas, who criticized him on "We Will Survive". [46] Nas responded with a diss track called " Ether" and Jay-Z straightaway added a verse to "Takeover" which dissed Nas and would start a feud between the two rappers.

    The feud had ended by 2005, Jay-Z stated Mark Pitts had helped them settle the feud. [47]

  • ^ Vibe magazine, Jan 2004, Vol.

    1, published by Vibe Media Group, p.

  • ^ "Jay-Z Announces Blueprint Lounge Tour Dates".
  • ^ Caulfield, Keith (July 4, 2017). "JAY-Z's '4:44' Certified Platinum Following Sprint Promotion". One night I went to Q-Tip's solo album release party and at some point in the night, I ran into the guy everyone's been telling me is behind the bootleg. When I told him what I suspected, to my surprise, he got real loud with me right there in the middle of the club.

    We separated and I went over to the bar. I was sitting there like, "No the fuck this nigga did not.

    " I was talking to people, but I was really talking to myself out loud, just in a state of shock. Before I even realized what I was doing, I headed back over to him, but this time I was blacking out with anger. The next thing I knew, all hell had broken loose in the club.

    That night the guy went straight to the police and I was indicted.

  • ^ "Diddy, Jay-Z give $1 million to Red Cross".

    Of Finance, Syracuse University". Archived from the original on June 10, 2010.

  • ^ O'Malley Greenburg, Zack (May 17, 2017). "Beyoncé And Jay Z Are Officially A Billion-Dollar Couple". On June 6, 2018, Jay-Z and Beyoncé kicked-off the On the Run II Tour in Cardiff, United Kingdom.

    Ten days later, at their final London performance, the pair unveiled Everything Is Love, their much-awaited joint studio album, credited under the name The Carters. The pair also released the video for the album's lead single, " Apeshit", on Beyoncé's official YouTube channel. [118] [119] The song won two awards from eight nominations at the 2018 MTV Video Music Awards.

    [120] Musical style Influences

  • ^ Reid, Saheem (July 30, 2002). "Jay-Z Returns From European Vacation, Ready To Hit Studio".

    Presidential election, Jay-Z and Beyoncé supported presidential candidate Hillary Clinton at her rally in Cleveland. Clinton praised Jay-Z for addressing racism, oppression, and the criminal justice system. [215] Discography

  • ^ Greenburg, Zack (November 6, 2014).

    "The Real Story Behind Jay Z's Champagne Deal".

  • ^ Jones, Steve (November 7, 2000). Kennedy and 'Schoolhouse Rock!' among recordings deemed classics by Library of Congress".
  • ^ Zawia, Alexandra (August 7, 2012).

    "Harry Belafonte on Capitalism, Media Moguls, and His Disappointment with Jay-Z and Beyoncé (Q&A)".

  • ^ "The NYC Power List".


  • ^ "Will Smith, Jay-Z back beauty line".
  • ^ "Jay-Z Quits No Way Out Tour".

    During the 2010 mid-term elections' campaign, Jay-Z appeared, along with other artists, in an ad prepared by the HeadCount organization, urging voters, and especially younger ones, to register and vote. [209] In May 2012, Jay-Z announced his endorsement of President Obama's support of same-sex marriage [210] and participated in his re-election campaign. [211]

  • ^ Hall, Rashaun (December 8, 2004).

    "Jay-Z, Dame Dash Sell Roc-A-Fella Records; Jay Named Def Jam Prez".

  • ^ Lilah, Rose (September 29, 2016). "Jay Z inks two-year deal with Weinstein Company".
  • ^ Hinds, Selwyn Seyfu (January 15, 2002). Archived from the original on September 22, 2006.

  • ^ Sims, Seandra; Williams, Houston (October 27, 2005). "Hip-Hop Harmony: Jay-Z And Nas Officially Dead Beef". Archived from the original on July 31, 2009.

    In early June 2017, posters were displayed in New York City and Los Angeles, as well as banner ads on the Internet promoting a Tidal-related project titled 4:44. [115] A teaser ad was aired during the NBA Finals on June 7 featuring actors Mahershala Ali, Lupita Nyong'o and Danny Glover in a one-minute video, ending in "4:44 – 6. On June 18, the project was confirmed to be a new Jay-Z album, and a clip featuring a song titled "Adnis" was posted on Sprint's YouTube page. [115]

  • ^ Jonsin, Miranda.

    "Rihanna And Jay-Z Headlining 2012 Olympics Festival". Archived from the original on May 10, 2012.

  • ^ "Beyoncé, Jay-Z the richest pair". "Jay Z Details New Album '4:44 '".
  • ^ "Report: Jay-Z to drop Nets ownership stake, become player agent". Archived from the original on April 11, 2013.

  • ^ Hoard, Christian (November 26, 2003).
  • ^ 1:44 video mark "Tidal Live Press Conference Ft. Jay Z, Madonna, Beyoncé and Kanye West!".

  • ^ a b Kaufman, Gil (January 13, 2010). "Jay-Z And Beyoncé Named Top-Earning Couple in Entertainment".
  • ^ "Noel Gallagher is narrow minded: Jay-Z". Archived from the original on September 5, 2012.
  • ^ "Coldplay and JZ Join Forces".
  • ^ "Jay-Z confirmed to headline Glastonbury 2008". Archived from the original on February 4, 2008.

  • ^ a b c Birchmeier, Jason.
  • ^ Stutz, Howard (August 28, 2008). "40/40 Club closing to make way for Palazzo sports book". Jay-Z is also credited as the executive producer of the basketball video game NBA 2K13, where he worked on the look and feel of the game along with its soundtrack.


  • ^ "Beyoncé's ring revealed!" People, Vol. Hard Knock Life which spawned the biggest hit of his career at the time, " Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem)".

    He relied more on flow and wordplay, and he continued with his penchant for mining beats from the popular producers of the day such as Swizz Beatz, an upstart in-house producer for Ruff Ryders, and Timbaland. [42] Other producers included DJ Premier, Erick Sermon, The 45 King, and Kid Capri. Charting hits from this album included " Can I Get A. ", featuring Ja Rule and Amil, and " Nigga What, Nigga Who", also featuring Amil. 2 would eventually become Jay-Z's most commercially successful album; it was certified 5× Platinum in the United States and has to date sold over five million copies. [40] The album went on to win a Grammy Award, although Jay-Z boycotted the ceremony protesting DMX's failure to garner a Grammy nomination.


  • ^ Edwards 2009, pp.  65, 112
  • ^ Ehrich Dowd, Kathy; Clehane, Diane; Helling, Steve (April 22, 2008). "Beyoncé and Jay-Z File Signed Marriage License".
  • ^ "Jay-Z Pleads Guilty To Stabbing, Faces Three Years' Probation".
  • ^ "Billboard – Music Charts, Music News, Artist Photo Gallery & Free Video".

  • ^ Jay-z, gay marriage stance right thing to do Archived March 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine retrieved May 16, 2012 After reaching a new distribution deal with Def Jam in 1997, Jay-Z released his follow-up In My Lifetime, Vol. Produced by Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs, it sold better than his previous effort.

    Jay-Z later explained that the album was made during one of the worst periods of his life when he was reeling from the death of his close friend, The Notorious B.

    The album was a personal revelation for Jay-Z as he told the stories of his difficult upbringing. [41] The album's glossy production stood as a contrast to his first release, and some dedicated fans felt he had "sold out

    . " However, the album did feature some beats from producers who had worked with him on Reasonable Doubt, namely DJ Premier and Ski.

    Like its predecessor, In My Lifetime, Vol. 1 earned platinum status in the United States. And The Dynasty

  • ^ Ketchum III, William E.

    "JAY-Z's Name: A Complete Timeline of Shawn Carter's Rap Alias".

  • ^ "Grammy Awards: Fun.

    Archived from the original on April 11, 2013.

  • ^ a b "Iconix to Buy Rocawear, Jay-Z's Clothing Line".

    See also: Beyoncé – Marriage and children

  • ^ Elder, Sajae (June 16, 2018). "Beyoncé and Jay Z release the video for their single "Apeshit "". Flake, rapper Jay-Z exit sinking Aqueduct bid – crainsnewyork – March 9, 2010". Jay-Z pleads guilty to stabbing record executive Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
    . Royce da 5'9" and Fredro Starr of Onyx both describe Jay-Z's emphasis on flow in the book How to Rap – Starr says that Jay-Z is "a master of the flow—he can flow fast, he can flow slow". [122] The book describes how Jay-Z uses 'rests' to provide structure to a verse [123] and how he uses 'partial linking' to add more rhymes to a verse.

    [124] Jay-Z's early style is described by Vibe as "a distinctly Das EFX-type, stiggety style" on his 12" single "Can't Get With That", [125] referring to the fast rhythms and vocal delivery of the group Das EFX. He is also known to write lyrics in his head, as described by Pusha T of Clipse in How to Rap, [126] a style popular with many MCs such as The Notorious B. , [126] Everlast, [127] Bobby Creekwater [128] and Guerilla Black. [128] Shock G of Digital Underground describes Jay-Z's performance style, saying he "rarely breaks a sweat, and instead uses smoothness and clever wordplay to keep the audience interested and entertained".

    [129] Business career

  • ^ Crosley, Hillary (November 16, 2010). "Jay-Z's 'Decoded': The Five Most Revealing Excerpts".
  • ^ "Artist, Icon, Billionaire: How Jay-Z Created His $1 Billion Fortune".
  • ^ Chad, Norman (June 17, 2013).

    "Chad: Jay-Z's split personalities deliver success".

  • ^ "Jay Z Buys Armand de Brignac Champagne From Sovereign Brands". Archived from the original on February 16, 2016.

  • ^ Martens, Todd (September 20, 2001). "Jay-Z Draws 'Blueprint' For Chart Dominance".
  • ^ "Jay-Z Rides in Style to Final Performance at Barclay's Center". "Jay Z | Jay-jay Z Acquires Independent German Label".
  • ^ a b Edwards 2009, pp.


  • ^ a b c "Jay-Z Becomes A Broadway Producer For 'Fela! '".
  • ^ "Jay-Z answers critics in Glastonbury performance". Archived from the original on July 2, 2008. There was no reason to put my life on the line, and the lives of everyone who depends on me, because of a momentary loss of control.

    I vowed to never allow myself to be in a situation like that again. [196] Philanthropy

  • ^ "Eminem And Jay-z Announce More "Home & Home" Dates".
  • ^ Krupnick, Ellie (August 28, 2011).

    "Beyoncé Pregnant, Flaunts Baby Bump on VMA Red Carpet".  129

  • ^ "Jay-Z is worth $900 million — see how the rapper-turned-mogul makes and spends his fortune".
  • ^ Reid, Shaeem (June 25, 2003). "Jay-Z Taking It 'Way Back to the Roots' On New Album".
  • ^ 'I got 99 problems but Mitt ain't one': Jay-Z jabs at Romney as he joins Springsteen in helping out Obama on last leg of campaign Archived April 22, 2013, at Archive.

    Today retrieved November 8, 2012

  • ^ Brooks, Matt (September 26, 2011). "Washington Post – Jay-Z: Brooklyn Nets to debut at Barclays Center in 2012".
  • ^ "Jay-Z To Perform at Obama Voter Drive". Archived from the original on October 4, 2008.
  • ^ "Jay-Z Talks Business, Success in New Interview". Archived from the original on March 26, 2009.
  • ^ "Jay Z relaunches Tidal with music's biggest artists as his co-owners". Jay-Z serves as co-brand director for Budweiser Select and collaborates with the company on strategic marketing programs and creative ad development.

    He provides direction on brand programs and ads that appear on TV, radio, print, and high-profile events. [138] He is also yet to expand his 40/40 Club sports bar in as many as 20 airports, as he makes deals with his business partners, Juan and Desiree Perez. [139] He is a part-owner of the Brooklyn Nets NBA team, having paid a reported $4.

    5 million for his share, which declined in value to $350,000 in April 2013. [140] He encouraged the team's relocation to Brooklyn's Barclays Center (from New Jersey) in the 2012–2013 season, at which point the team took on the Brooklyn Nets moniker. [141] [142] In October 2005, he was reported in English media as considering buying a stake of Arsenal F. [143] He has also invested in a real estate development venture called J Hotels which recently acquired a $66 million mid-block parcel in Chelsea, New York.

    Jay-Z and his partners are contemplating constructing a high-end hotel or an art gallery building on the newly acquired site which has the potential to go up about twelve stories. [144] Through his conglomerate company Gain Global Investments Network LLC, he had an interest estimated between 2 and 7% in the Aqueduct Entertainment Group (AEG) consortium, which in January 2010 was awarded a contract to operate a 4,500 slot machine racino at the Aqueduct Race Track. Jay-Z became interested in the project after New York Governor David Paterson who awarded the contract said there had to be an affirmative action component to the ownership.

    Jay-Z initially approached by casino mogul Steve Wynn who was also bidding on the contract

    . On March 9, 2010, Jay-Z and Flake withdrew from the project and Paterson recused himself from further involvement. [145] [146]
  • ^ "Jay-Z Ends His Retirement With Star-Studded Comeback Album".

    Parlux fragrances sued Jay-Z for $18 million for the failure of his cologne, Gold. They claim the cologne's failure is due to Jay-Z not doing social media posts and interviews about the cologne. Parlux claims they projected selling $15 million the first year, and $35 million the second, and subsequent years after the launch.

    The fragrance sold $14 million the first year and $6. [172] Parlux supposedly lost money on the venture and have had constant returns of unsold inventory.


  • ^ Tomlinson, Jake. "Jay Z Fall 2009 Concert Tour Review".
  • ^ Kreps, Daniel (November 28, 2017). "Jay-Z, Kendrick Lamar, Bruno Mars Lead 2018 Grammy Nominees".
  • ^ "Blue Ivy Carter, Jay-Z and Beyoncé's Daughter, Becomes Youngest Person Ever to Appear on a Billboard Chart"

  • ^ "Big Daddy Kane – The Unkut Interview | unkut. Com – A Tribute To Ignorance (Remix)". Jay-Z later addressed the case in his 2010 book Decoded:
  • ^ Kreps, Daniel (September 8, 2009).

    "Jay-Z Pushes Up "Blueprint 3 " Release, Announces Tour". "Jay-Z named 'NBA 2K' executive producer – Sports Technology, Gaming – Tech Blog – ESPN Playbook – ESPN".

  • ^ Reid, Shaheem (December 12, 2001). "Mobb Deep Strike Back at Jay-Z on Infamy". On December 1, 1999, Jay-Z, who had come to believe that record executive Lance "Un" Rivera was behind the bootlegging of Vol. , stabbed Rivera at the release party for Q-Tip's album Amplified at the Kit Kat Klub, a now-defunct night club in Times Square, New York City.

    Jay-Z's associates at the party were accused of causing a commotion within the club, which Jay-Z allegedly used as cover when he supposedly stabbed Rivera in the stomach with a five-inch (127 mm) blade. [192] He surrendered to police the following evening and was placed under arrest, although he was soon released on $50,000 bail. [193] [194] When he was indicted in Manhattan Criminal Court in late January 2000, he pleaded not guilty; he and his lawyers contended that they had witnesses and videotapes proving he had been nowhere near Rivera during the incident.

    Nevertheless, he later pleaded guilty to third-degree assault and accepted a three-year probation sentence. [195] Jay-Z has also established himself as a successful entrepreneur with a business empire spanning a variety of industries from clothing lines, beverages, real estate, sport teams, and record labels. [131] In an interview, he stated that "my brands are an extension of me. It's not like running GM, where there's no emotional attachment. " [132] Jay-Z and Damon Dash are the founders of the urban clothing brand Rocawear.

    [133] Rocawear has clothing lines and accessories for men, women and children. The line was taken over by Jay-Z in early 2006 following a falling out with Dash. In March 2007, Jay-Z sold the rights to the Rocawear brand to Iconix Brand Group, for $204 million.

    He retains his stake in the company and continues to oversee the marketing, licensing and product development

    . [133] [134] He also co-owns the 40/40 Club, an upscale sports bar that started in New York City and has since expanded to Atlantic City and Chicago. In 2008, the 40/40 club in Las Vegas was closed down and bought back by the hotel after attendance steadily declined.

    [135] In 2005, Jay-Z became an investor in Carol's Daughter, a line of beauty products, including products for hair, skin, and hands. [136] In September 2013, his stake in Barclays Center was sold for $1.

    [137] In March 2015, Jay-Z completed the $56 million acquisition of Aspiro, a Norwegian media technology company that operates the subscription-based music streaming service Tidal, which has been in operation since October 2014. [166] The music service was acquired through his company Project Panther Bidco Ltd. (an entity indirectly owned by Jay-Z's S.

    Carter Enterprises a company holding interests in leading international music, media and entertainment companies). [167] [168] The acquisition was completed with the help of Mooreland Partners, a leading global technology-focused M&A advisory firm, which acted as financial advisor to Aspiro. [169] The music service combines lossless audio and high definition music videos with curated editorial.

    The main idea of the service is to bring major revenue streams back to the music artists themselves as the idea of an artist-owned streaming platform was stated as to "restore the value to music by launching a service owned by artists. " Jay-Z currently [ when?] is a major shareholder in the company. [170] [171]

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    Com'' – Jay-Z Teams Up With J Hotels To Develop On $66 million New York Site".

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    252 on its list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Archived from the original on June 4, 2012.

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    1 Debut Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.

  • ^ "For The Record: Quick News On Jay-Z, Metallica, Bow Wow, John Legend, J Dilla, Sufjan Stevens & More".
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    "The Artist Formerly Known as Jay-Z Removes Hyphen From His Name".

  • ^ Shake (September 20, 2007). "Jay-Z to Release 'American Gangster '".
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    "Hip-hop "wrong" for Glastonbury".

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  • ^ Itzkoff, Dave (May 13, 2012). "Jay-Z to Curate and Star in Two-Day Music Festival in Philadelphia".
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  • ^ "Jay Z is spelling his name with an umlaut again". Jay-Z is married to American singer Beyoncé. In 2002, Jay-Z and Beyoncé collaborated for the song " '03 Bonnie & Clyde".

    Jay-Z also appeared on Beyoncé's hit single " Crazy in Love" as well as "That's How You Like It" from her debut album Dangerously in Love

    . On her second album, B'Day, he made appearances on the 2006 hits, " Déjà Vu" and " Upgrade U". In the video for the latter song, she comically imitates his appearance.

    [179] The couple generally avoids discussing their relationship. Beyoncé has stated that she believes that not publicly discussing their relationship has helped them. Jay-Z said in a People article, "We don't play with our relationship.

    " [180] They kept a low profile while dating, and married in April 2008. [181] It became a matter of public record on April 22, 2008, [182] but Beyoncé did not publicly debut her $5 million Lorraine Schwartz-designed wedding ring until the Fashion Rocks concert on September 5, 2008, in New York City. [183]

  • ^ "- Shawn Carter Foundation". According to his mother, Carter used to wake up his siblings at night banging out drum patterns on the kitchen table.

    She bought him a boom box for his birthday, sparking his interest in music. He began freestyling and writing lyrics. [33] Known as "Jazzy" around the neighborhood, Carter later adopted the showbiz/stage name "Jay-Z" in homage to his mentor Jaz-O.

    [27] [34]

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    Com, July 8, 2011

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    Carter was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York City and was raised in Marcy Houses, a housing project in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood. [27] After their father, Adnis Reeves, [28] [29] abandoned the family, Shawn and his three siblings were raised by their mother, Gloria Carter. Reeves would later meet and reconcile with Jay-Z before dying in 2003.

    Jay-Z claims in his lyrics that in 1982 at age 12, he shot his older brother in the shoulder for stealing his jewelry. [30] [31] Along with future rapper AZ, Carter attended Eli Whitney High School in Brooklyn until it was closed down. He then attended the nearby George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School with future rappers The Notorious B. And Busta Rhymes, followed by a stint at Trenton Central High School in Trenton, New Jersey, though he did not graduate.

    [32] According to his interviews and lyrics, during this period he sold crack cocaine [31] and was shot at three times. [30]

  • ^ "Source: Beyoncé and Jay-Z Are Married".
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  • ^ "Jay-Z makes it official: 'Brooklyn Nets' for 2012–13". National Basketball Association.

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    Archived from the original on May 1, 2009.

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    "Jay-Z's 'Retirement' Is Finally Over: New Album Due In November".

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    "Artist, Icon, Billionaire: How Jay-Z Created His $1 Billion Fortune".

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  • ^ Jocelyn Vena, Rihanna Joins Jay-Z Onstage At Los Angeles Concert Archived December 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, MTV. Com, November 9, 2009 In October 2001, Jay-Z pleaded guilty to stabbing record producer Lance Rivera at the Kit Kat Klub in New York City in 1999.

    [52] For this second degree felony, Jay-Z was sentenced to three years probation. [53]

  • ^ "We are One-Jay-Z and Russell Simmons". Foundation for Ethnic Understanding.

    At the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, Beyoncé revealed that she was pregnant with their first child [186] [187] and on January 7, 2012, she gave birth to their daughter, Blue Ivy Carter, at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York. [188] On January 9, 2012, Jay-Z released "Glory", a song dedicated to their child, on his social website LifeandTimes.

    [189] The song detailed the couple's pregnancy struggles, including a miscarriage Beyoncé suffered before becoming pregnant with their daughter. [189] Because Blue's cries were included at the end of the song and she was officially credited on the song as "B.

    C", at two days old she became the youngest person ever to appear on a Billboard chart when "Glory" debuted on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs at number 74. [190] On June 18, 2017, Beyoncé's father Mathew Knowles confirmed that she had given birth to twins with Jay-Z, a daughter, Rumi, and a son, Sir. [191] Assault conviction

  • ^ Tauber, Michelle (October 25, 2004).

    During his retirement, Jay-Z also became involved in philanthropic activity. In 2003, Jay-Z, together with his mother, founded The Shawn Carter Foundation, which has assisted eligible students facing socio-economic hardships through college. [197] On August 9, 2006, he met with United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan at the organization's headquarters in New York City.

    The rapper pledged to use his upcoming world tour to raise awareness of and combat global water shortage. Already on the look-out for a way to, in his own words, "become helpful", he had been made aware of this issue during a visit to Africa by Bono from the rock group U2. [198] The effort took place in partnership with the UN, [199] as well as MTV, which produced a documentary entitled Diary of Jay-Z: Water for Life, first airing in November 2006.

    [200] Along with Sean "Diddy" Combs, Jay-Z pledged $1 million to the American Red Cross' relief effort after Hurricane Katrina. [201] Jay-Z stated his support for Kanye West after the latter's outburst against President Bush during a live Katrina charity telethon. [202] He also addressed the issue of the Katrina disaster, and the government's response, in his one verse song " Minority Report".

    [203] Jay-Z has previously stated in a song that "the greatest form of giving is anonymous to anonymous" and, in 2013, it was revealed by author dream hampton, who co-wrote Jay-Z's book Decoded, that he quietly established a trust fund for Sean Bell's children. [204] Politics On November 16, 2010, Jay-Z published a memoir entitled Decoded. [147] [148] Jay-Z says his earliest exposure to music was through his parents' record collection, which was mostly of soul artists such as Marvin Gaye and Donny Hathaway.

    He says "I grew up around music, listening to all types of people.

    I'm into music that has soul in it, whether it be rap, R&B, pop music, whatever. As long as I can feel their soul through the wax, that's what I really listen to. " [121] He often uses excerpts from these artists as samples in his work, particularly in the Kanye West-productions included on The Blueprint.

    [121] Rapping technique

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    "Jay Z Locks Down Deal To Buy Stake in Armand de Brignac".

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  • ^ a b Anderson, Kyle (August 24, 2009). "A Young Jay-Z Describes His Early Influences". In 2000, Jay-Z released The Dynasty: Roc La Familia, which was originally intended to become a compilation album for Roc-A-Fella artists but Def Jam turned into a Jay-Z album.

    [44] The album helped to introduce newcomer producers The Neptunes, Just Blaze, Kanye West, and Bink, which have all gone on to achieve notable success. This is also the first album where Jay-Z utilizes a more soulful sound than his previous albums. The Dynasty sold over two million units in the U. [40] 2001–2002: Feud with Nas, The Blueprint and The Blueprint 2

  • ^ Stone, Rolling (January 26, 2014).

    "Beyoncé and Jay Z Open Grammys With Steamy 'Drunk in Love' Performance".

  • ^ "Jay Z to Be the First Rapper in the Songwriters Hall of Fame".
  • ^ Jay-Z Announces New Album, 'Magna Carta Holy Grail,' In Samsung Commercial Archived May 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  • ^ Owoseje, Toyin (June 18, 2012).

    "Beyoncé Buys Jay-Z $40m Private Jet for Father's Day".

  • ^ Kreps, Daniel (May 21, 2009). "Jay-Z Buys Out Def Jam Contract, "Blueprint 3" Heads to Roc Nation". 9 THE MIX LIVE Stream | Chicago". 9 THE MIX LIVE Stream | Chicago. Archived from the original on June 2, 2002.

    In 2014, Jay-Z invested $200 million in Armand de Brignac champagne owned Sovereign Brands, a New York-based wine and spirits company for a 100 percent stake, making it the second alcoholic product acquisition in his financial investment portfolio. [157] [158] [159] The brand is known for its popularity with high-profile artists as being the gold bottles often referred to in media. [160] [161] [162] [163] [164] His ties to the company date back to 2006, and he received millions of dollars per year for his association with Armand de Brignac before he bought the entire company.


  • ^ "He's got 99 Problems, But a Breach Might NOT be One". Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton LLP. Beyoncé and Jay-Z were listed as the most powerful couple for TIME magazine's 100 most influential people of 2006.

    [184] In January 2009, Forbes ranked them as Hollywood's top-earning couple, with a combined total of $162 million. [185] They made it to the top of the list the following year, with a combined total of $122 million between June 2008 and June 2009. [185]

  • ^ Watkins, Boyce (August 8, 2012).

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  • ^ Joe Chidley (February 2, 2015). "If you can't be Jay-Z, be the guy who sells companies to him". In 2016, he signed a two-year exclusive film and TV Deal with Weinstein Company and with the deal gives them first-look options to create scripted and unscripted TV projects and film projects, and those projects were in works.

    [176] As part of his deal with Weinstein company, he produced a documentary series on the life of Kalief Browder who was imprisoned for three years and committed suicide upon his release. He also addressed racial profiling and police brutality in a conscious manner. [177] Personal life

  • ^ "Jay-Z becomes 'world's first hip-hop billionaire '".

  • ^ Marikar, Sheila (November 16, 2010). "Jay-Z's 'Decoded': From Hip-Hop to Barack and Beyond". On September 11, 2001, hours before the September 11 attacks, Jay-Z released his sixth studio album, The Blueprint, which received a coveted 5 mic review from hip-hop magazine The Source. Written in just two days, [48] the album sold more than 427,000 copies, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 [49] and reached 2x platinum status in the U. [40] It was lauded for its production and its balance of "mainstream" and "hardcore" rap. Eminem was the only guest rapper on the album, producing and rapping on the song "Renegade"

    Four tracks were produced by Kanye West and the album represents one of West's first major breaks in the industry. The Blueprint includes the popular songs " Izzo (H. )", " Girls, Girls, Girls", " Jigga That Nigga", and " Song Cry".

    As of February 2012 [update], the album had sold 2,700,000 copies worldwide, even though its initial success had been overshadowed by the tragic events of 9/11. [50] In 2019, The Blueprint was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Recording Registry for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". [51]

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    Physical Education Meaning In Bengali