What is the learning place?
International students find this one of the most surprising aspects of the American education system. Your first two years of study you will generally be required to take a wide variety of classes in different subjects, commonly known as prerequisite courses: literature, science, the social sciences, the arts, history, and so forth. This is so you achieve a general knowledge, a foundation, of a variety of subjects prior to focusing on a specific field of study.
A graduate program is usually a division of a university or college. To gain admission, you will need to take the GRE (graduate record examination). Certain master’s programs require specific tests, such as the LSAT for law school, the GRE or GMAT for business school, and the MCAT for medical school.
Transfers A very unique characteristic of the American higher education system is that you can change your major multiple times if you choose. It is extremely common for American students to switch majors at some point in their undergraduate studies. Often, students discover a different field that they excel in or enjoy.
The American education system is very flexible. Keep in mind though that switching majors may result in more courses, which means more time and money. Classroom Environment If a student enrolls at a new university before finishing a degree, generally most credits earned at the first school can be used to complete a degree at the new university.
This means a student can transfer to another university and still graduate within a reasonable time.
Higher education Many students choose to study at a community college in order to complete the first two years of prerequisite courses. They will earn an Associate of Arts (AA) transfer degree and then transfer to a four-year university or college. A “major” is the specific field of study in which your degree is focused.
For example, if someone’s major is journalism, they will earn a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism. You will be required to take a certain number of courses in this field in order to meet the degree requirements of your major. You must choose your major at the beginning of your third year of school.
For the first two years of the program most doctoral candidates enroll in classes and seminars. At least another year is spent conducting firsthand research and writing a thesis or dissertation. This paper must contain views, designs, or research that have not been previously published.
Each week professors usually assign textbook and other readings. You will be expected to keep up-to-date with the required readings and homework so you can participate in class discussions and understand the lectures. Certain degree programs also require students to spend time in the laboratory.
Each course is worth a certain number of credits or credit hours. This number is roughly the same as the number of hours a student spends in class for that course each week. A course is typically worth three to five credits.
You can either begin your studies in pursuit of a bachelor’s degree at a community college or a four-year university or college. Paolo Kwan from Hong Kong: Studying English and Business Administration at Sierra College in California Professors issue grades for each student enrolled in the course. Grades are usually based upon: "The American system is much more open.
In Hong Kong you just learn what the teacher writes on the board. In America, you discuss the issues and focus more on ideas. " Graduate programs in pursuit of a master’s degree typically take one to two years to complete.
For example, the MBA (master of business administration) is an extremely popular degree program that takes about two years. Other master’s programs, such as journalism, only take one year.
This is often a very important factor in determining a student’s grade. Credits A full-time program at most schools is 12 or 15 credit hours (four or five courses per term) and a certain number of credits must be fulfilled in order to graduate. International students are expected to enroll in a full-time program during each term.
A doctoral dissertation is a discussion and summary of the current scholarship on a given topic.
Universities awarding doctorates also require their candidates to have a reading knowledge of two foreign languages, to spend a required length of time “in residence,” to pass a qualifying examination that officially admits candidates to the PhD program, and to pass an oral examination on the same topic as the dissertation. Furthermore, international students from some countries are only permitted to study abroad at a graduate level. You should inquire about the credentials needed to get a job in your country before you apply to a postgraduate university in the USA.
It may take three years or more to earn a PhD degree. For international students, it may take as long as five or six years.