# Knowledge Matters Merchandising Reading Quiz

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What are the 4 types of SAE projects?

Types of SAEEntrepreneurship.Placement.Agriscience Research.Agricultural Service Learning.Exploratory.Improvement.Supplemental.Directed School Laboratory.Types of SAE - Rowan County Schoolswww.rowan.k12.ky.us/userfiles/959/Classes/1436/Types%20of%20SAE.pptx

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. An example of discrete data is the number of goals scored in a netball game. A 3D (three-dimensional) object with 4 faces.

Example The distance around the boundary of a 2D (two-dimensional) shape. Calculating the perimeter of a shape is equal to the sum of the length of all sides. Example

• centimetres (cm) Sharing 10 apples between 5 children gives 2 apples each.

A line has only one dimension (i. Length) Addition and Subtraction A drawing, which maintains proportions, shown bigger or smaller than real life.

Common examples include maps or house plans. Example Tells the position of something in a sequence. Example An chord across a circle through the centre (twice the radius).

Example Quadrant A solid with 2 parallel ends that are pentagons of the same size and shape (ie are congruent). All its other faces are rectangular. Example

• the mean = (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 6 + 9 + 10) ÷ 9
• 3 3⁄ 8
• This is the opposite of subtract.

An example of long division may look like this:

• Information represented by numbers. A line that joins two points on a curve. Example To learn more about digital as a topic, you can search the internet for specific digital products and services to find websites that explain its benefits and how it works.

∛125 = 5 since 5 × 5 × 5 = 125 Perimeter of this trapezium is 6cm + 4cm + 3cm + 4cm = 17cm Hundredth A triangular array of numbers in which each number in the triangle is the sum of the two directly above it. Example Globe It is the small number written to the top right of a number in mathematics. Shows the number of times to multiply a number by itself

. Any written method used to divide by a number with two or more digits. Example Parallelogram Pattern Row 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 (all numbers are spoken, but the bold numbers are said more loudly).

• 15 has the factors 1, 3, 5, and 15.
• A solid with 2 parallel faces that are rectangles of the same size and shape (ie are congruent). Perimeter Polygon The same size and the same shape.

Example Algebra For addition: The LCM of 10 and 12 is 60 as 60 is the smallest number that divides both 10 and 12 with no remainder. The point where lines meet or the line where two or more planes meet. Example Has 3 dimensions – length, width and breadth – and has surfaces that are curved, flat or a combination of both.

Flat surfaces that meet at the edges are called faces. Example Tangent Point Half a circle. Example

• A number under a √ sign that has no rational equivalent.

A 3D (three-dimensional) object with a pentagon as its base. Its other faces are triangles that meet at a common point (vertex). Example The longest side of a right-angle triangle that is also opposite to the right angle.

Example A solid with a hexagon as its base. Its other faces are triangles that meet at a common point (vertex). Example OR Square prism

• square metres (m 2) One of the flat surfaces of a 3D (three dimensional) object.

Example Object Numbers that are the same if read forwards or backwards. Examples The numerator (top number) is smaller than the denominator (bottom number) in a fraction

. Even number The spread of scores or results is symmetrical.

Example Increasing from smallest to largest. Example Vertical algorithm

• metres (m)
• This is the opposite of addition. The amount a container can hold.

Example Diameter

• 60 minutes = 1 hour
• 23 is a 2 digit number Difference Divide 6 chocolates between 3 children and they get 2 each Unit fraction Octagonal prism Heptagon Rectangle Standard volume units include:
• 2 is the HCF of 4 and 6 A polygon with 7 edges and 7 angles. If all sides and angles are equal, it is called a regular heptagon. If not, it is called an irregular heptagon.

Example A set of five regular polyhedra. All the faces are congruent regular polygons and the same number of faces meet at each vertex. The platonic solids are: the cube (hexahedron), dodecahedron, icosahedron, octahedron, and tetrahedron.

Examples Acute angled triangle The 5 times tables: A triangle with two sides equal in length and two angles that are equal. Example Mental strategy A value that 'lies outside' (is much smaller or larger than) most of the other values in a set of data. Example A measurement used for angles shown by the degrees symbol °.

• Indicated by the mathematical symbol ∛ A = P(1+R) n and I = A-P where: Decrease
• Not the event but the opposite of the event. Equivalent The red lines illustrate some angles that are acute (less than 90 degrees). So, 52 + 40 − 1 = 91 Using an empty number line (below) to show a jump strategy for addition and subtraction Skewed distribution Time is measured in units such as seconds, minutes, and hours:
• Multiplication tables and times tables are interchangeable terms.

Example

• 24 hour clock and twenty-four hour time are interchangeable terms. Surd Octagon
• 8 1⁄ 4 to the nearest whole is 8.

Number sentence Using numbers and symbols in an equation

. Example This solid does not have a uniform cross-section: Proper fraction These numbers are in descending order: The score that occurs the most in a data set. Example
• Its other faces are squares or rectangles or parallelograms.

Whole number An angle is the measure of turn between two straight lines which meet at a common point. A protractor is used to measure angles. Angles are measured in degrees °.

Example Subtraction The two lines that form the angle. Example Right angle

• The frequency (f) is always on the vertical axis.
• metres cubed (m 3) Horizontal Ones
• n is the number of time periods.

A straight line that crosses two or more other lines. Example Fibonacci sequence A number raised to a negative power is the reciprocal of that number raised to the positive power. Example An unmarked number line

• A line graph with broken horizontal intervals.

A cross section that is the same size and shape throughout a solid. Example Probability Vertically opposite angles Depreciation Per cent This shape has been broken into 4 parts and 3 of them have been coloured. The coloured fraction is 3-quarters or 3⁄4.

Isosceles triangle

• A travel graph shows a journey. + The amount of matter in something.

5, + 6 1⁄ 2, -3 Average 12 is divided into 3 groups giving 4 in each group Uniform cross-section Addition Multiplication and Division Sector (pie) graph Measuring angles

• Number of children in family
• Add, addition, plus and sum are interchangeable terms. Three-dimensional A rectangle cut into pieces representing the parts of a whole. Example Equilateral triangle
• Also called standard notation
.

Quantitative data 4 × 5 = 20 Numbers getting smaller. Decreasing from largest to smallest. Example A number showing both sign and size.

Examples A typist might type at a rate of 45 words per minute. This is written as 45 words/min. Partitioning into equal groups.

The invention of digital and the development of electronic products and services have led to a revolution that, in general, has made products more widely available and easier to use. What do you need to keep in mind about your children and digital? Trapezium Sample Prime factor

• Water freezes at 0°. Outlier Census Cube root
• Three-dimensional and 3D are interchangeable terms.

• nautical miles (nm) The first three triangular numbers 1, 3 and 6 can be represented by: A column of numbers: A triangle which has sides of different lengths and where all angles are different. Example Angle
• A three dimensional (3D) object in which each face is a polygon. The directions shown on a compass.

Some examples include: North (N), South (S), East (E), West (W). Also North East (NE), South East (SE), South West (SW) and North West (NW). Example The location of an object in relation to oneself or another object.

Example

• 121
• Multiplications may be shown in an organised way (such as the examples below) to assist in memorising the answers. A rate is used to compare quantities that are measured in different types of units. Example All the items under consideration.

Example Right angles are shown like this: A pyramid with a triangle as its base. Its other faces are triangles that meet at a common point (vertex). Example Diagonal Where: Arms of an angle Concave quadrilateral The directed number line extends indefinitely in two directions to show both positive and negative numbers.

Example N = the number of time periods. Revolution Section Line graph Polyhedron A triangle with all sides equal in length and all angles equal (60°). Example A line that joins any two vertices (corners) of a polygon or polyhedron, where the vertices are not next to each other.

Example Degrees is the plural of degree. Example For the scores 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 9,10 Multiplication and division are inverse operations. Examples If an event is represented as 'E', the complimentary event is Example

• Rotate and turn are interchangeable terms.

The answer when 2 or more numbers are multiplied together. Example Symmetrical A simple algebraic equation could be: A measurement of how much a diagram has been enlarged or reduced in a scale diagram. Example Complementary event To cut in half.

Example Circumference Sphere Adding 257 + 220:

• Simple interest is also called flat rate interest. Two figures that look the same but one is an enlargement of the other. All proportions are maintained.

Example Right angled triangle 1st, 2nd, 15th, 100th Product Displays the time in digits. Example Angles a and b are vertically opposite angles Population The theorem says that in any right angled triangle, the square of the length of the longest side is the same as the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides: a 2+b 2 = c 2. Example Using a standardised measure such as metres, litres or kilograms.

15 is the product of 3 and 5 Translation Rectangular pyramid

• Represents the middle 50% of scores in a set of scores.
• 1⁄4 as a decimal is 0.

Any number that can be divided by 2 and give no remainder. Example Conversion graphs The flat surface you see after cutting through a solid in any direction. Example Grouping Digit When two lines are cut by a third line (transversal) alternate angles are between the pair of lines on the outside of the transversal.

If the two lines are parallel, the alternate angles are equal. Examples 10 × 5 = 50

• 5 is the HCF of 15 and 20. A number made up of a whole number and a proper fraction.

Example A digital product such as a camera transforms an analog image into data (a series of 1s and 0s) which is then transferred into a storage device and reassembled so that you see the original image. Analog cameras store the image onto film, which is then processed into prints. You can make a huge variety of changes to digital imagery which you cannot make to photo prints.

A straight line that touches a circle or curve at only one point. Example Number line The highest common factor (HCF) of two or more whole numbers is the largest number that will divide exactly into each of them. Examples A way of working something out using known relationships, patterns and operations.

85 is greater than 37 is written: 85 > 37.

• The converse or opposite operation of squaring. An angle measuring between 90° and 180°.

Example Favourite colours The ratio of stars to hearts is 4:3 Area Apex Chord A fraction where the numerator is equal to, or larger than, the denominator. Example Equals

• Indicated by the square root symbol √. Formal measurement The point inside the circle which is the same distance from all points on the circumference.

Example Often shown by using the equals = sign (symbol). Example Edge Turn over to give the mirror image – a reflection. Example Combining a collection of things together: Isometric grid paper 7 has only 2 factors: 1 and 7 A standard measure of the average spread of the scores about the mean

.

A cube has 8 vertices

• Heights of students in class. Fraction shown with one number over another with a dividing line, e.
• There are 2 birds on the balcony.

• the digit 2 in 269 is worth 200. Base ten blocks Means parts per 100 and is shown by the symbol %. A grid of 100 is used to show per cent.

Per cent can also be expressed as percent, percentage or simply with the symbol %. Example Parallel Clock Take away Examples Column graph Slant height Ascending order Pythagoras' theorem Palindromic numbers The distance from the centre of the circle to the circumference of the circle.

Example Hundredths A polygon with 8 straight sides and 8 angles. If all sides and angles are equal, it is called a regular octagon. If not, it is called an irregular octagon.

Example Multiple

• 100 3 cm 3 = 1m 3 Strategy Descending order
• Turn around facts show you are able to add and multiply numbers in any order (you are able to turn them around) and the answer will not change. Standard deviation
• The difference between the upper quartile and the lower quartile. Mode = 5
• Is not affected by outliers.

Vertical

• A way of representing small data sets. Octagonal pyramid Equivalent fractions Digital means the binary format of 1s and 0s (on or off). Digital can also refer to electronic products, such as a digital camera, MP3 player or eBook reader.

How does it work? A polygon with 5 straight sides and 5 angles. If all sides and angles are equal, it is called a regular pentagon. If not, it is called an irregular pentagon.

Example

• 65 in Roman numerals is LXV
• It is shown by writing a small 3 to the top right of a number.
• A 3D (three-dimensional) solid with 2 parallel ends that are triangles of the same size and shape (ie are congruent).
• The cumulative frequency polygon is represented by the line.

Rhombus Hexagon Grid paper used to draw 3D figures. The grid is a series of dots or lines which form equilateral triangles and allow for the drawing of a solid showing 3 or more faces. Example A step-by-step method of addition, subtraction, multiplication or division.

Example Decagon Odd number Reciprocal of a fraction Symbol used to show that two or more amounts have the same value. Oblique solids A shape has rotational symmetry if an outline of the figure can be rotated or turned about its centre to match its original shape. Example A cube is a square prism, which is a particular type of prism with faces that are all congruent squares.

It has 6 faces, 12 edges and 8 corners (or vertices). Example

• When rolling a die, the complimentary event of getting a 6 is getting a 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5.
• The plural of vertex is vertices.

The amount of space taken up by an object or substance, measured in cubic units. Example

• Demonstrates that numbers can be added in any order or multiplied in any order and the answer will be the same. Parallel to the line or surface.

Example Adjacent sides Has the same value. Example Length Shows the amount each digit is worth because of its place in a number. Example View Protractor Has more than two factors.

Examples Position Multiplication tables

• The probability of an event occurring equals the number of desired outcomes divided by the total number of outcomes. A line that divides a shape in half so that one half is the mirror image of the other. There can be more than one line of symmetry.

Example Cross-section Examples:

• Hair colour (brown, red, black, blonde)
• Simple interest is the interest calculated on the original investment amount or the amount borrowed (the principal).
• A meeting of 2 or more lines that form an angle.
• This is the opposite of difference.

A triangle with one right angle (90°). Example Supplementary angles This sequence starts with 1: 4 × 3 = 12 Corresponding angles That is the sum of the squares of the two smaller numbers is the square of the largest number. Example

• Decrease, subtract, subtraction and take away are related terms.

Ten frame If data on the opinions of Year 8 is required, then the population is all of Year 8. Platonic solids Fraction notation A symbol used to write a numeral. The digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 are used to write all the numbers in our number system.

Example Hexagonal pyramid

• It shows the shape of the distribution. 12 ÷ 3 = 4 Slide Cumulative frequency histogram and polygon Skew lines never touch each other but are not parallel. Skew lines only exist in 3D space.

Example Perpendicular Interest is calculated on the sum invested (principal) as well as on any interest earned.

• Commutative law, commutativity and turn around facts are interchangeable terms.
• A type of column graph used in statistics without gaps between the columns.

The reciprocal of 2/ 3 is 3/ 2. 99 rounds to \$8 Solid Any whole number ending in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8 is even.

A solid has 3 dimensions The decimal fraction 0. 34 can be shown on the chart as: Ones The products of numbers 0 to 10 multiplied by each other. Students are encouraged to learn and appreciate a range of mental strategies to work out the answers.

Pyramid Depreciation occurs when an item loses value over time. Example Rectangular prism Compass directions Think 52 + 40 = 92, then subtract the extra 1 added to 39 at the start. Groups of related facts in addition and subtraction, and multiplication and division.

Square pyramid A visual way of showing a collection of information. Example Bar (column) graph Is any 3D (three-dimensional) object. The three dimensions are length, width and depth.

Example

• A 3D (three-dimensional) object with two facing ends or bases (polygons) that are the same size and the same shape (ie they are congruent). Subitising
• With fractions, rounding is to increase or decrease to the nearest whole number, tenth, hundredth, thousandth,. Hypotenuse
• The small number is called a power or index.
• rectangle
• This is the opposite of add.

A solid with 2 parallel ends that are hexagons of the same size and shape (ie are congruent). Example At 90° to the given line. Example 3 groups with 4 in each gives 12 altogether.

Holding objects to judge weight. Example Expanded notation Capacity Estimate and informal measurement are interchangeable terms. Example Common fraction A fraction that is made by dividing a whole into tenths (10 equal parts), hundredths (100 equal parts) or thousandths (1000 equal parts).

A fraction uses a decimal point when written. Travel graphs Cube Sharing A polygon with 4 straight sides where all sides are equal in length and all angles are equal (90°). Example An angle that measures 90°.

Example The 5 times tables are: A fraction that has a numerator of 1. Example

• +5 Base A polygon with 10 straight sides and 10 interior angles. If all sides and angles are equal, it is called a regular decagon.

If not, it is called an irregular decagon Example 2 x = 12

• All the other faces are triangular and meet at a common vertex. Remainder Tessellating
• An old-fashioned term for an irrational number. A vertical arrangement of items.

Example 30 out of the 100 squares have been shaded, so 30% is shaded Index notation

• Average and mean are often used as interchangeable terms. An instrument used to keep and display the time.
• Its other faces are triangles that meet at a common point (vertex) The middle score of an ordered data set.

Example

• The height of the point indicates how many times that score occurs. The point is positioned in the centre of its histogram column. 10 − 3 = 7 A triangle with all interior angles less than 90 degrees.

Example Semicircle Scalene triangle Number that can be represented by a triangular pattern of dots. Example 7 + 3 = 10 A solid with an octagon as its base. Its other faces are triangles that meet at a common point (vertex).

Example

• P is the principal An angle less than 90 degrees. Example
• The average of all scores. Complementary angles Degrees (Celsius) 12 ÷ 4 = 3 This container holds 2 litres – its capacity is 2 litres.
• To increase or decrease to the nearest whole number, ten, hundred, thousand, as a form of estimation. Stem and leaf plot
• The system of numerals we use today.

Multiplications may be shown in an organised way (such as the examples below) to assist in memorising the answers. Vertex

• The polygon is also called an ogive. Supplementary angles add up to 180 degrees.

Example isometric grid paper This solid has a uniform cross-section: One number is rounded to simplify the calculation then the answer is adjusted to compensate for the original change. Example Reflect Cluster Integer A branching diagram used to list all the outcomes in a sequence of events. Rhythmic counting Equation Prime number Factor tree Most of the data is clustered at one end

.

Example Frequency polygon Sports played:

• in 3 2, the index is 2, so 3 2= 3 × 3 = 9 Quadrilateral Square Continuous data A polygon with 3 straight sides and 3 angles. The sum of the angles in a triangle is 180°. Example
• The height of each column indicates how many times that score occurs.

12 is divided into 3 equal groups giving 4 in each group Congruent Blocks used to help children visualise the value of numbers. Except for the individual unit blocks, all other blocks are based on tens, hence the reason why they are often referred to as 'base ten blocks'. Multi-attribute blocks and base ten blocks are interchangeable terms.

Example Hexagonal prism The difference between 10 and 16 is 6 (i. 16 – 10 = 6) Triangular prism A tool for showing the value of each digit in decimal fractions.

Can be used to help with addition and subtraction of decimal fractions. Example An equilateral triangle can be turned 3 times and match its original shape exactly. It also has a rotational symmetry order of 3.

• The cumulative frequency (cf) is always on the vertical axis.
• A type of line graph used in statistics usually drawn on the same axes as the frequency histogram.
• The scores (x) are always on the horizontal axis.

For each year (ie the interest rate on the mortgage was 7% per annum).

Negative index Mixed numeral When two lines are cut by a third line (transversal) co-interior angles are between the pair of lines on the same side of the transversal. If the lines are parallel the co-interior angles are supplementary (add up to 180 degrees)

. Example Prism Arc (of a circle)
• The opposite operation of cubing.

A fraction is shown by putting one number over another with a dividing line between them. Example Jump strategy Table The lowest common multiple or least common multiple (LCM) of two or more numbers is the smallest number that is a multiple of all of them. Example Counting forwards or backwards in groups or multiples of a particular number.

Example Ten The reciprocal of a fraction (not equal to 0) can be made by interchanging the numerator and the denominator. Example Digital clock Plane A set of numbers and/or letters that shows the position of a point or space on a map or grid. An index is more commonly called a power.

• Used when the values stay the same for a period of time, e.

Icosahedron Mode Analog clock An object has 3 dimensions – length, width and depth. Example The amount left over after a quantity has been divided onto another. Example A flat shape that can be folded up into a solid.

Example Coordinates Secant Octahedron

• 20, 19, 18, 17, 16.

A rectangular diagram divided into rows (horizontal) and columns (vertical). Example Skip counting The result of subtraction. Example

• 36 has the factors 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 36.

• A 3D (three-dimensional) object with any polygon as its base
. One part of a whole divided into 100 equal parts. Symmetry Divide Multiplication, times, products of, lots of, product, square, of (i. 1/4 of 8, 3 groups of 6)
• square
• A 3D solid with 2 parallel bases that are squares of the same size and shape (ie are congruent).
• The opposite sides are equal in length and parallel.

Times tables

• I is the interest. A number that has only 2 factors. A fraction is one or more parts of a whole that has been broken into equal parts.

Ratio is a comparison of two or more quantities. Example 2 or 84 or 6000 Quotient

• 1 1⁄ 2 √25 = 5 since 5 × 5 = 25 1 × 5 = 5 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Quantitative (numerical) data that is obtained by measuring.
• trapezium The highest point or vertex in a plane shape, polyhedron or geometric solid.

Example Bar chart

• Three-dimensional defines a space as having length, width and depth. This array has 3 rows and 4 columns. The factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 10 − 7 = 3 The sign > is used to show that the first number is greater than (more than) the second number.

2 × 5 = 10 Cubed

• The process of combining collections of objects into a larger collection. Three-dimensional object (3D) Solids drawn or shown on a slant. The sides are not perpendicular to the base
.

Example Place value For the scores 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 9, 10.

• 1000 2 m 2 = 1km 2
• A pyramid is named by the shape of its base, eg a pyramid with a rectangular base is called a rectangular pyramid.

Rate A quadrilateral with two pairs of equal adjacent sides, symmetrical only about one diagonal. Example Multiplication Units of length 2 x + 3 = 15 Square number Putting objects together in equal groups helps to understand multiplication and division. Equal groups contain the same number of items or objects Example Straight angle

• This is the opposite of plus.

When two lines are cut by a third line (transversal) corresponding angles are in corresponding positions (i. On the same side of the transversal and both above or both below the pair of lines).

If the lines are parallel, the corresponding angles are equal. Example The possible outcomes when tossing a die are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. The set would be {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}.

• R is the interest rate per time period as a decimal or fraction. Decimal and decimal fraction are interchangeable terms. Examples Denominator A diagram that indicates the middle 50% of the scores, with a box with lines (whiskers) drawn to the extremes (end scores).

Example Hefting 16 is a square number. It has 4 rows of 4, so 4 × 4 = 16 Net Tree diagram Cardinal number

• 1852km = 1 nm A factor that is a prime number cannot be divided again by a number other than itself or one. Example Digital What is it? Composite number Mental computation method where numbers are 'split' according to their place value to make it easier to add them.

Example

• A number ending in 5 or 0 is always divisible by 5.
• Population of the Earth in 2010 was about 6. 82 × 10 9 6 × 5 = 30
• A is the value of the investment after n time periods.

Transversal Solid shapes look different depending on where they are seen from, eg front view, side view, top view. Example

• 1000 3 m 3 = 1km 3 A 3D (three-dimensional) object with 20 faces. Example Split strategy A step-by-step method for solving problems in mathematics.

A unit of measurement used for temperature. Examples Part of the circumference of a circle.

Example Commutative law Pentagonal prism Per annum

• Calculated by P( E) = 1 − P(E). Ordinal number
• 10 3 mm 3 = 1cm 3
• The height of each column shows the cumulative frequency (how many scored that number or less).
• 100 2 cm 2 = 1m 2
• This is the opposite of increase.

3 + 7 = 10 There are many different kinds of clocks, but the two most common are analog with 'hands' for hours, minutes and seconds, and digital, which displays only digits (numbers). Example

• A 3D (three-dimensional) solid with a square as its base. The attributes of a 2D shape are its size or shape.

A 2D shape can have more than one attribute. Last updated: Subtract 541 minus 127 involves trading: Informal measurement An eBook is a digital representation of a book and can only be displayed on a computer, or an e-reader device, such as a Kindle. Why is it useful? Picture graph Directed number

• 7 in Roman numerals is Vll 5 × 5 = 25 D = P(1 − r) n
• With money, rounding increases or decreases the price to the nearest available coin or note.

Can have any number of digits 23 + 35; 23 + 30 = 53, 53 + 5 = 58

• 100 cm = 1 m An empty chart that has 2 rows of 5. This frame helps children to visualise the numbers 1 to 10. Example
• A prism is named according to the shape of its base, eg one with a hexagonal base is called a hexagonal prism.

Plus

• There are 7 days in the week
. Dot plot Measurement Lines on the same plane that are the same distance apart and never meet.

A number line with dots drawn above the numbers to represent the scores. Example Reflex angle

• It can be a regular polyhedron – all faces are identical regular polygons – or an irregular polyhedron – where all faces are not regular polygons. These numbers are in ascending order.

Triangular pyramid Slant height is the height from the base to the apex along a surface. This is at an angle to the base, not perpendicular. Example Co-interior It may rain today but raining money is impossible.

Face Algorithm Segment Median

• The inverse of adding 7 is subtracting 7. Cone This is the number of times a shape matches the original in one full rotation. Example Empty number line A quarter of a circle or quarter of its circumference.

Example Principal The amount a digit is worth due to its position in a number, ie, ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc. Examples

• The average (mean) is represented by the symbol x. Two-dimensional defines a space as having length and width.

Two-dimensional and 2D are interchangeable terms Example

• centimetres cubed (cm 3) Has the same value as. Turn around facts An organised grid of the numbers 0-99 or 1-100 to see and understand patterns in numbers to 100. Example
• There are 112 ants on my sandwich. Weight
• 623 rounded to the nearest hundred is 600, to nearest thousand is 1000 Cylinder Improper fraction Represented by the symbol ÷ A pattern is made up of a number of elements that repeat. Example
• Two lines, or sides that share a common point (vertex)
.

Pentagon P(red marble) = 1⁄ 5. The probability of randomly selecting a red marble from the bag is 1 in 5.

• To rotate around a point.

The numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17,.

Roman numerals 7:30 in the morning is 07:30, but 7:30 at night is 19:30 (midday 12:00 plus 7 1/ 2 hours). I = PRN where: 3 × 5 = 15 One-dimensional This shape has a volume of 6 cubic units

• If an event is represented as E, the complimentary event is represented as E and called, 'not E'. An object or shape has symmetry or is symmetrical when one half is the mirror image of the other half. 20 = 5 × 4 Euler’s formula Number sentence for 3 birds which have 6 eggs each: 3 × 6 = 18 or 6 + 6 + 6 = 18 Compensation strategy Square root
• square millimetres (mm 2) Zero index
• temperature Part of a line that has a definite start and end point. Example
• Commutative law, commutativity and turn-around facts are interchangeable terms.

Order of symmetry Compound interest The longest dimension of an object.

• 37 is less than 85 and is written: 37 < 85 Degree (angles) P = the principal
• The image on the right represents the coordinates (2, 4). For the scores 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 9, and 10: *The line graph should only be used for continuous data.

A strand of mathematics that substitutes symbols or letters for unknown numbers. Example

• The image on the left represents the coordinates E3. Obtuse angle The shape you get when a solid is cut through parallel to the base.

Estimate Centre A way of presenting information in rows and columns for easy interpretation. Example Intersection A flat shape has 2 dimensions A quadrilateral with at least one set of parallel lines. Example

• The time is marked on the horizontal axis.

The cross-sections of prisms are uniform, which means they are the same size and shape as the base. Examples Addition and subtraction are inverse operations. A factor of a given number is a whole number that divides into it exactly.

Example A type of measure which uses non-standard units such as hand spans, footsteps or pattern blocks to measure length, area, etc. Dan's walking track A famous result named after the Greek mathematician Pythagoras. Nonagon A regular hexagon comes to rest in 6 identical positions to it original shape

• Uses the digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 with place value.

The accuracy of the measurement depends on the quality of the instrument being used and the person measuring.

• 3,993 Simple interest The side of a 2D shape or face of a 3D object that is considered on the bottom of that shape. Example A number expressing how many of something exist.

Examples

• Taking one number or amount away from another.
• weight
• The distance from the starting point is shown on the vertical axis.

Any non-zero number to the power of zero is equal to one. Example Array Divided bar graph This is a pattern – 2 elements repeat

• Has horizontal and vertical axes. Alternate angles Step graphs
• The sum of the angles in a quadrilateral is 360°.

Dodecahedron A clock with a face and two rotating hands – the minute hand (long) and the hour hand (short) – also sometimes another hand for seconds. Example Kite

• Points are joined by lines. Where most of the scores are grouped in a set of scores.

Example Indices is the plural of index.

95 Digital development will continue to create many new and amazing new careers for your child to consider in the future. Want to know more? To move the position without rotating it or turning it over. This is also called a translation.

Example Any number ending in 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 is odd. Examples

Example A polygon with 9 straight sides and 9 angles. If all sides and angles are equal, it is called a regular nonagon. If not, it is called an irregular nonagon.

Example A three-dimensional (3D) object with 8 faces. Example

• Gender (male, female).
• in 5 3, the index is 3, so 5 3 = 5 × 5 × 5 = 125
• Can be done by turns or a given number of degrees.

Equal sign (=) Inverse operation Multi-attribute blocks (MAB)

• A division of the day into 24 hours, starting from midnight (00:00) through to 11:59pm (23:59).
• square kilometres (km 2) Significant figures A survey of the entire population.

Example Different views of this solid A part of the population that has been selected in order to find information about the whole population. A 3D (three-dimensional) object with a circular base and an apex. Example

• For the scores: 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, the median is the average of 8 and 9 (i. Example Prime factors of 12 are 3 × 2 × 2 or 3 × 2 2
• Means to multiply a number by itself three times. A triangle with one angle that is obtuse (greater that 90 degrees).

Example 12 / 5 = 2 with remainder 2 The 7 in 7/ 9. All measurements are approximations. A polygon with 6 edges and 6 angles.

If all sides and angles are equal, it is called a regular hexagon. If not, it is called an irregular hexagon. Example Sample space Triangle

• Used for writing very large or very small numbers.

An ancient number system represented by characters such as I(1), V(5), X(10), L(50), C(100), D(500) and M(1000). Examples

• 60 seconds = 1 minute The position of 43 on the numberline: The process of combining collections of objects into a larger collection. The number above the line in a fraction which shows how many parts are being considered.

Example The measure of turn between two straight lines that meet. Fits together without any spaces or overlaps. Example Column

• It is called a cube if all its other faces are also squares.

• rhombus Percentage Triangular numbers
• 10 mm = 1 cm Multiplication tables and times tables are interchangeable terms Examples Used to convert from one unit to another. Example Ratio The multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24
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• When tossing a coin, the complementary event of getting a head is getting a tail. Factor Acute angle The set of all possible outcomes of a situation or experiment.

Example

• the mean = 5.
• n is the number of time periods I = the simple interest To share into equal groups or parts Example
• 38 rounded to the nearest ten is 40 05 February 2019 Return to top of page Putting objects together in groups helps to understand multiplication and division. Groups contain the same number of items or objects Example
• -6 A relationship between the number of vertices (V), edges (E) and faces (F) of polyhedra.

The relationship is V + F – E = 2. Example

• kilometres cubed (km 3). Division
• Reading between the points has meaning.

• Its other faces are triangles that meet at a common point (vertex). Mental calculation method jumping from one number (usually the largest number) either forwards (addition) or backwards (subtraction) to the answer.

An integer can be positive or negative. Example The whole number 521 can be shown on a chart as: Hundreds Chance Numbers following a sequence in which each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two numbers. Example the numbers 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12.

• square centimetres (cm 2) Pentagonal pyramid
• D is the depreciated value A factor tree can be used to express a number as a product of its prime factors.

Example Less than sign The product of any quantity and a whole number. Example Accuracy of measuring

• The sum of a set of scores divided by the number of scores.
• A polygon with 4 straight sides and 4 angles that are equal.

• The points show the quantity. Changing a quantity into smaller or bigger parts without changing its value. This method is used to make calculations easier.

Example

• A positive number that can be multiplied by itself to give this number. Greater than sign Turn
• 'In-between' values are not possible. In a rectangular prism, 8 vertices + 6 faces – 12 edges = 2.

• A number ending in 0 is always divisible by 10. Counting with emphasis on rhythm or counting to a beat. Example The process of repeatedly adding the same number a given amount of times (this only relates to whole numbers).

Example A number in the form a⁄b where a and b are numbers and b is not equal to zero. 3 equal groups with 4 in each gives 12 altogether. The quotient when 18 is divided by 6 is 3.

The boundary line or perimeter of a circle. Example

• The special types of quadrilaterals include the: An angle measuring 360°.

Example Information that can be put into different non-numerical groups. Example

• For the scores: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 9, 10, the median is 5. The tree is to my left, the station is south-west of the school.

Place value chart – decimal fractions The scores are clustered around the scores 3 and 4. A system of organising time into days, weeks, months and years. The line where two flat surfaces meet.

Example Radius A point is a position in space. It has no length, width or height.

A point is named using a capital letter. Volume

• the digit 2 in 42 is worth 2
• Quantitative (numerical) data that is obtained by counting.

Bisect A quick test to see if a number can be divided by another without remainder. Examples Decimal The area of this rectangle is 2 × 4 = 8 square units. The line can start and end on any number.

A line is used to visualise number sequences or aid in computation. Examples Interval

• A 3D (three-dimensional) object with a rectangle as its base. 9 × 5 = 45
• Commonly called a pie chart.

The height measured at 90° from the base to the vertex at the top. Example Highest common factor The function that reverses another one. This is a way of checking if answers are correct.

Units of time A two-dimensional (2D) shape having three or more straight sides. It can be a regular polygon – where all sides are the same length and all angles are the same size – or an irregular polygon. Example Angles D and C are obtuse. Box-and-whisker plot Sum

• It is called a measure of central tendency. Categorical data
• A number that when multiplied by itself three times equals a given number.

Mass The result of multiplying a number by itself. Example √3 is a surd 'Is 85 greater than 37?' is written: is 85 > 37? 521 + 47 can be shown on chart as: Hundreds

• 1000m = 1 km The result of sliding a figure without turning or flipping it, while maintaining its size. Example
• height The sign < is used to show that the first number is smaller than the second number.

The pointed end points to the smaller number. Example Mean

• The likelihood of something occurring. Equal groups
• The average of a set of scores is the total of the scores divided by the number of scores.

• To move around a point by turning. 7 × 5 = 35 Lowest common multiple (LCM)
• Numerical data. Tetrahedron
• The products of numbers 0 to 10 multiplied by each other.

Students are encouraged to learn and appreciate a range of mental strategies to work out the answers. Tenths

• The mass of an electron is about 9. 1 × 10 -31kg
• The cumulative frequency histogram is represented by the columns.

Units of volume x = 6

• 10 2 mm 2 = 1cm 2 The answer when one number is divided by another
. Example
• 1, 2, 3, 4 round down and for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 round up. Similar figures Trading intersection What pets do you own?
• 1⁄2 as a decimal fraction (or just decimal) is 0.

5 which is the same as 5 parts out of 10. The amount of surface inside a closed flat (2D) shape. Example Perpendicular height An angle between 180° and 360°.

Example Rotational symmetry A number written with a power. Example Immediately recognising the number of objects in a small collection without having to count them. Example Expanded notation for 287 is 2 hundreds, 8 tens and 7 ones or 200 + 80 + 7. Globe and sphere are interchangeable terms. Example Angles that add to 90 degrees.

Example 1 + 1 = 2, 1 + 2 = 3, 2 + 3 = 5, 3 + 5 = 8, 5 + 8 = 13 Convex quadrilaterals For 46 + 33 the numbers are split to become: This is the opposite of subtraction.

• One or more of its diagonals lies outside the figure. Convex quadrilaterals have the diagonals inside the figure.

Example The part of a circle that is between a chord and the circumference. Example 0 Interquartile range = upper quartile − lower quartile R = the interest rate per period, expressed as a decimal or fraction Scale drawing Pascal’s triangle The 8 in the fraction 7⁄8.

A three-dimensional (3D) object with two circular bases that are opposite each other in position and are the same size and same shape. Example The digits considered to be significant in reporting a measurement, irrespective of the location of the decimal place. (40 + 30) + (6 + 3) = 70 + 9 = 79 The cross-sections of pyramids and cones have the same shape A straight line that passes through two points on a circle or curve

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Example Fractions that are equal in value but have different names. Example

• The inverse of multiplying 3 is dividing by 3. Mass and weight are interchangeable in everyday usage but weight is a force which changes with gravity, while mass remains constant.

Example Divisibility tests

• Often referred to as a non-convex quadrilateral.
• millimetres (mm) Seeing 5 immediately, without counting 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. A graph in which the information is summarised into columns for easy comparison.

Bar chart and column graph are interchangeable terms. Example Scientific notation A protractor is used to measure an angle. Angles are measured in degrees.

Example The number below the line in a fraction that shows the number of parts a whole has been divided into. Example Means parts per 100 and is shown by the symbol %. A grid of 100 is used to show per cent.

Per cent can also be expressed as percent, percentage or simply with the symbol %. Fact family Hundreds chart

• r is the rate of depreciation as a fraction or decimal per time period
• A polygon with 4 straight sides. Obtuse angled triangles 25 is an outlier Using a standardised measure such as metres, litres or kilograms.

Examples

• A quadrilateral that contains a reflex angle. Interquartile range
• The left column contains the stem and the right column contains the leaf.
• kilometres (km) 3 × 4 = 12 Any number that is not or does not include a fraction or a decimal.

Example

• 44 An unmarked number line that shows mental calculations. Examples
• A measure of central tendency
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• A measure of the spread of the distribution.

Helps students understand the relationship between operations. Example

• kite Two-dimensional (2D) Standard area units include: Graph 8 × 5 = 40 A tool for showing the value of each digit in a whole number. Can be used to help with addition and subtraction.

Example 5 3, pronounced 'cubed', gives 5 × 5 × 5 = 125. Symmetrical distribution A quadrilateral with all sides equal, opposite angles equal and opposite sides parallel. Example Vertically opposite angles are created when two lines cross.

These angles are equal in size. Example 2 0 = 1, 5 0 = 1, 23 0 = 1 Article metadata. 1 × 12, 2 × 6 and 3 × 4 all equal 12. Rounding A polygon with 4 straight sides.

The opposite sides are parallel and equal. Example Example Numerator A set of three integers (whole numbers) that obey Pythagoras' theorem.

To flip over or appear as a figure would look if shown in a mirror. Example A solid with 2 parallel bases that are octagons of the size and same shape. Example

• Water boils at 100°C.

Standard length units include: The original amount of money borrowed or invested

. Having one dimension ie length. Example In this data set: 1, 1, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 9, 10, 25 Discrete data A 3D (three-dimensional) object with 6 faces.

Example Scale factor Attribute

• parallelogram. Units of area A mathematical statement using the equal sign to show one side has the same value as the other side.
• The difference between the highest score and the lowest score in a data set.

Range

• 387 is a 3 digit number (Note that 1 is not a prime number as it only has one factor – the number 1. ) Example
• All its other faces are rectangles. The open (bigger) part is beside the bigger number, the small pointed end points to the smaller number.

Example Rotate The horizontal direction is always read first. Examples Twenty-four hour time Flip Hindu-Arabic number system Hexahedron

• Probability and chance are related terms.
• A circle divided into sectors to illustrate parts of a whole.

A three-dimensional (3D) object with 12 faces. Example Line To divide into equal or unequal groups. Example Add, addition, plus and sum are related terms.

A line that is at right angles to a horizontal plane. Example

• Average and mean are often used interchangeably.

Directed number line

• This is the opposite of subtraction.
• All its other faces are rectangular. A line is a collection of points.

A line does not have a start or end point, it go on forever. Example Add Line of symmetry

• Polyhedra is the plural of polyhedron. Any flat two-dimensional (2D) surface. Example Numberlines can represent fractions:. 