Is cerebral palsy a special educational need?
Property taxes would pay for the new school system. A school board, elected by the community, would make decisions about the system's management and hire the necessary professionals to run each school. Illustrating the racism that existed in Ohio during this era, the Akron School Law excluded African-American children from the public school system.
"  Since its inception, public K–12 has been debated, with several waves of reform throughout the last 50 years. In the 1980s, Reagan's 'A Nation at Risk' initiative provided provisions requiring public education to be evaluated based on standards, and teacher pay to be based on evaluations. In the 1990s, the Goals 2000 Act and the “Improving America’s Schools” act provided additional funding to states to bolster the K–12 systems.
This was followed in the 2000s by a rigorous uptick in standards-based evaluations with the No Child Left Behind Act, and the Race to the Top Act. In 2015, President Barack Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), giving state government back some individual power over evaluations and standards.  Etymology [ edit ]
The term "PK–12" or "PreK–12" is sometimes used to add pre-kindergarten.
This law essentially enacted K–12 education as the law of the land.  Further reference to K–18 education can be found in this publication by Ann Diver-Stamnes and Linda Catelli  in chapter 4 "College/University Partnership Projects for Instituting Change and Improvement in K–18 Education". The Career Technical Education (CTE) Unit of the California Community College Economic Development and Workforce Preparation Division focuses on program coordination and advocacy, policy development and coordination with K–18 workforce preparation and career and technical education systems.
The "Akron School Law of 1847" changed this. Named after Akron, Ohio, where the system was first conceived, this law passed by the Ohio legislature largely unified the operations, curriculum and funding of local school systems. Though the law is named "Akron School Law of 1847", it took two years to pass, becoming law in 1849.
In Australia, P–12  is sometimes used in place of K–12, particularly in Queensland, where it is used as an official term in the curriculum framework.  P–12 schools serve children for the thirteen years from prep until Year 12,  without including the separate kindergarten component. In Canada (Nova Scotia) P–12 is used commonly in place of K–12 and serves students from grade Primary through 12.
K–16 education  adds a four-year undergraduate university degree. For simplicity purposes education shorthand was created to denote specific education levels of achievement. This shorthand is commonly used in articles, publications and educational legislation.
The following list contains the most commonly found shorthand descriptors: The ASCCC Chancellor's Office Career Technical Education (CTE) Unit  of the Economic Development and Workforce Preparation Division focuses on program coordination and advocacy, policy development and coordination with K–18 workforce preparation and career and technical education systems. Responsible for the implementation of the Vocational and Technical Education Act (VTEA), managing and coordinating activities that impact other interagency and intra-agency objectives. In addition, the CTE Unit is also responsible for the development, dissemination, and implementation of the California State Plan and the annual performance reports.
In 1820 Massachusetts became the first state to create tuition-free high school, 'Boston English'. 
K–14 refers to K–12 plus two years of post-secondary where training was received from vocational-technical institutions or community or junior colleges. The K numbers refer to the years of educational attainment and continues to progress upward accordingly depending on the degree being sought.  Usage [ edit ] It is also used by American multinationals selling into the educational sector,  such as Dell where UK customers are presented with this as a market segment choice.
 P–12 [ edit ]